Failure Mechanisms and Methods to Estimate Material Resistance to Failure

  • Dallas N. LittleEmail author
  • David H. Allen
  • Amit Bhasin


This chapter discusses the most common forms of failure in asphalt mixtures, i.e., rutting, fatigue cracking, transverse cracking, moisture-induced damage, bleeding or flushing, and the influence of aging on these distresses. The chapter discusses the mechanism of failure for each one of these distresses. Two different approaches to measure the resistance of mixtures to any of these distresses are discussed: (i) the measurement of empirical performance indicators, and (ii) the measurement of fundamental material properties that can be combined with numerical models to measure the performance of the mixture. Examples based on each of the above two approaches for each distress type (rutting, fatigue cracking, low-temperature cracking, and moisture damage) are discussed. These discussions also provide a context for the mechanistic tools that are discussed in Part 2 of this book.


Failure mechanisms Rutting Fatigue cracking Transverse cracking Bleeding Moisture-induced damage Complex modulus Simplistic or torture tests Mechanistic methods to evaluate damage Wohler curve Self-healing Surface energy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dallas N. Little
    • 1
    Email author
  • David H. Allen
    • 1
  • Amit Bhasin
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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