Case Study of Uttarakhand in Perspective of Extreme Climatic Events: Fire, Ecosystem and Livelihoods
The phenomenon of climate change is widely known as statistical change in climatic properties over a specified period of time. The forest sector had been mostly reactive towards it as some effects of climate change are already noticeable and there is a need to be better prepared for future change. Present study gives an idea about impact of extreme climatic events on forest ecosystem of Uttarakhand. The results showed that a long dry period without rains had lead to efficient conditions for fire initiation which is a regular phenomenon during summer season in this region. Eventually the extreme fire incidents peaked during April–May 2016 and almost every forest of 13 districts of this region was affected. These incidents ultimately affected the precious ecosystem of this biodiversity rich region, increased the temperature and affected the air quality and lead to decline in livelihood services depending upon native forests. Findings of the present study will be beneficial for the further assessment of the likely impacts of climate change events on forests, forest-dependent people and their vulnerabilities which are important for enhancing climate change adaptation as it forms the basis for sustainable development options to avoid harmful effects of climate change in near future.
KeywordsClimate change Himalayan region Uttarakhand Adaptation Sustainable development
The author is thankful to Dr. P. P. Dhyani, Director (GBPNIHESD) for providing necessary facilities for work. The author is also thankful for Dr. Subrat Sharma and Dr. R. C. Sundriyal for their valuable suggestions
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