Adoption of Product and Process Eco-innovation for Developing Low Carbon Economy: A Rough Set Theory Based Analysis
Adoption of different environmental policies and regimes to reduce the economic externalities has been mainly studied in institutional economics. Effectiveness of environmental management system has witnessed a positive relationship with economic performance in the literature. Therefore, institutions adopted several eco-innovation practices to gain long term sustainability. This paper addresses the relative importance’s of different eco-innovation practices such as product and process eco-innovation; incremental and radical eco-innovations for improving eco-efficiency. Conditional attributes and decisional attributes criteria have been identified through the review of extant literature. Rough set theory based analytical model is applied for finding the most important innovation strategies and their relative importance. Industry experts’ opinions have been collected through telephonic interview. Product stewardship, Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of product innovation, cleaner technology, and radical product eco-innovation are the most important strategies for developing low carbon economy. These results will be useful for organizations to adopt the effective eco-innovation strategies for improving eco-efficiency.
KeywordsEco-innovations Eco-efficiency Rough set theory
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