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Applied and Planning-Oriented Urban Climatology at the University of Kaiserslautern

  • Sascha M. HenningerEmail author
  • Arne Leitte
Chapter

Abstract

Urban authorities and stakeholders demand for answers on climatological and air quality related problems in the urban area. Applied and planning-oriented urban climatology provides the link between climatology and urban planning. Therefore, one aim of the Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Regional and Environmental Planning, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany, is to understand how newly gained free space in shrinking cities can be integrated useful—in terms of urban climatology—in new utilization structures. For example, how can fresh and cold air production zones be incorporated in urban planning? Furthermore, the potential of the hardly noticed green roofs in order to enhance the urban micro climate is investigated, especially in arid and semi-arid zones. In addition, a database of roadside greenery and canopy is developed to characterize the influences on urban air quality. Parameters that are taken into account are amongst others canopy density and emission of volatile organic compounds. A dense canopy can reduce air movement leading to the accumulation of air pollution like within an urban canyon. Several tree species emit volatile organic compounds that contribute as a precursor to the formation of ground level ozone and are therefore not suitable for planting as urban green. Through the applied and planning-oriented urban climatology we provide recommendations of action for urban authorities.

Keywords

Urban climatology Urban planning Applied sciences Urban heating Urban green Urban air quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Regional and Environmental PlanningUniversity of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

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