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Transportation Infrastructure and Spatial Development in China

  • Sangaralingam RameshEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

This chapter evaluates the political economy of Chinese infrastructure development. In this context, a number of key points were established. For example, after 1949 the restoration of war damaged railway lines were a key component of transportation policy. This was necessitated by the implementation of the Soviet model of development, which focused on the development of heavy industry, which relied upon the extraction of mineral resources, which the interior provinces were abundant in. This policy was built upon with the First Five Year Plan which focused on extending the mileage of existing track. However, a consistent policy with regards to infrastructure, knowledge creation and knowledge spillovers was not followed in the period between 1949 to 1977. This inconsistency was due to conflicts within the ruling class on the best way in which China’s economic development could be optimised. Infrastructure investment in the Coastal regions was therefore neglected until the post 1978 economic reforms.  

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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OxfordOxfordUK

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