Conclusion: Spatial Information Technology for Sustainable Development Goals
Remote sensing, GPS and GIS play an important role in achieving SDGs through mapping, monitoring, measurement and modelling of the Earth’s resources. Global communities are widely applying this technology for improving our understanding. There were global initiatives toward mapping technology launched in 1996 to prepare eight basic layers of information: boundaries, drainage, transportation, population centres, elevation, land use, land cover and vegetation. The World Geodetic System 84 (WGS 84) was developed for the uniform datum of global mapping. The United Nations Geospatial Information Section has also developed global multi-scale data sets named ‘UNmap’. Similarly, India has initiated advanced GIS and satellite-based technologies for the application of natural resources. Various organisations such as Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Niti Ayog, Department of Sciences and Technology, National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR0) and many NGOs are utilising spatial information technology for development planning and management.