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SDG 2: Case Study – Crop Modelling for Sustaining Agricultural Productivity

  • Dilip KumarEmail author
  • R. B. Singh
  • Ranjeet Kaur
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)

Abstract

Many developing countries are facing challenges in coping with national food security and environmental sustainability. India is also facing the same problem. Spatial information technology provides an opportunity to automate databases in the field of agriculture to cope with issues around food security and environmental sustainability. Western Uttar Pradesh in India, covering Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar and Meerut districts, recorded high agricultural growth during the second wave of the ‘green revolution’ in the 1980s. However, rapid urbanisation and developmental processes are increasingly in conflict with other forms of land use, especially agriculture. This study addresses the spatial pattern of land use over a decade and soil and climatic characterisation of the region. The land-use/cover changes were captured by integrating satellite imagery (IRS-1D and IRS P6) of winter and summer (monsoon) seasons for the years 1998 and 2010. Spatial patterns of major soil and climate parameters were integrated into homogeneous agro-ecological units (38 classes) and 417 land units. Crop areas and their yield of sugarcane, rice, wheat and maize were assessed. Potential yields of these crops of the region were computed by using crop simulation models; and current yields were obtained through field survey in selected land units and other collateral data. A few agri-technological levels were tested for the fertiliser and irrigation inputs required to bridge yield gaps in rice and wheat in selected land units. It is argued that augmenting production through assessment of biophysical potential of a region can ensure food security and environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Food security Land-unit classification Crop simulation model Decision-support system Crop yield InfoCrop software 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG  2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Evening CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Delhi School of EconomicsUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Geography, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Evening CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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