Three-Dimensional CSEM Modelling on Unstructured Tetrahedral Meshes Using Edge Finite Elements
- 685 Downloads
The last decade has been a period of rapid growth for electromagnetic methods (EM) in geophysics, mostly because of their industrial adoption. In particular, the marine controlled-source electromagnetic method (CSEM) has become an important technique for reducing ambiguities in data interpretation in hydrocarbon exploration. In order to be able to predict the EM signature of a given geological structure, modelling tools provide us with synthetic results which we can then compare to real data. On the other hand and among the modelling methods for EM based upon 3D unstructured meshes, the Nédélec Edge Finite Element Method (EFEM) offers a good trade-off between accuracy and number of degrees of freedom, i.e. size of the problem. Furthermore, its divergence-free basis is very well suited for solving Maxwell’s equation. On top of that, we present the numerical formulation and results of 3D CSEM modelling using the Parallel Edge-based Tool for Geophysical Electromagnetic Modelling (PETGEM) on unstructured tetrahedral meshes. We validated our experiments against quasi-analytical results in canonical models.
KeywordsCSEM Geophysics Edge Finite Element High performance computing
Authors of this work has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie-Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No. 644202.
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme (2014–2020) and from Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation through Rede Nacional de Pesquisa (RNP) under the HPC4E Project (www.hpc4e.eu), grant agreement No. 689772.
Authors gratefully acknowledge the support from the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACyT). Numerical tests in this work were performed on the MareNostrum supercomputer of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center - Centro Nacional de Supercomputación (www.bsc.es).
- 1.Alumbaugh, D., Newman, G., Prevost, L., Shadid, J.: Three-dimensional wideband electromagnetic modeling on massively parallel computers. Wiley Online Libr. 1, 1–23 (1996)Google Scholar
- 2.Boulaenko, M., Hesthammer, J., Vereshagin, A., Gelting, P., Davies, R., Wedberg, T.: Marine CSEM Technology – The Luva Case. Houston Geological Society (2007)Google Scholar
- 4.Castillo-Reyes, O., de la Puente, J., Puzyrev, V., Cela, J.M.: Edge-based electric field formulation in 3D CSEM simulations: a parallel approach. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference and Workshop on Computing and Communication. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
- 5.Castillo-Reyes, O., de la Puente, J., Modesto, D., Puzyrev, V., Cela, J.M.: Parallel tool for numerical approximation of 3D electromagnetic surveys in geophysics. Computacin y Sistemas, Thematic Issue: Topic Trends Comput. Res. Catalonia 20(1), 29–39 (2016)Google Scholar
- 9.Eidesmo, T., Ellingsrud, S., MacGregor, L.M., Constable, S., Sinha, M.C., Johansen, S.E., Kong, F.N., Westerdahl, H.: Sea bed logging (SBL), a new method for remote and direct identification of hydrocarbon filled layers in deepwater areas. First Break: Soc. Exploration Geophysicists 20(3), 144–152 (2002)Google Scholar
- 10.Hanif, N., Hussain, N., Yahya, N., Daud, H., Yahya, N., Noh, M.: 1D modeling of controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data using finite element method for hydrocarbon detection in shallow water. In: Proceedings of the International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists (2011)Google Scholar
- 14.Koldan, J.: Numerical solution of 3-D electromagnetic problems in exploration geophysics and its implementation on massively parallel computers. Polytechnic University of Catalonia (2013)Google Scholar
- 17.Puzyrev, V., Koldan, J., de la Puente, J., Houzeaux, G., Vázquez, M., Cela, J.M.: A parallel finite-element method for three-dimensional controlled-source electromagnetic forward modelling. Geophys. J. Int. (2013). ggt027Google Scholar