In the Polish part of the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains, the average annual precipitation ranges from 800 to 1500 mm. Runoff coefficient in mountain catchments there varies from 0.4 to 0.9. Seasonal variation in runoff, and, particularly, extreme events (floods and droughts), cause series problems in the down-hill urban areas, as well as in agriculture and forestry. Namely, heavy rainstorms are harmful, producing devastating surface runoff, soil erosion and stream channel instability. But, in the last years, the periods of water deficit are more frequent.
- Mountain Watersheds
- Carpathian Mountains
- Stream Channel Erosion
- Skid Road
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Pierzgalski, E. (2017). Technical and Ecological Methods to Control the Water Cycle in Mountain Watersheds. In: Křeček, J., Haigh, M., Hofer, T., Kubin, E., Promper, C. (eds) Ecosystem Services of Headwater Catchments. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57946-7_2
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