Continued Imaginings



Penfold reasserts his argument that South Africa’s national literature must be understood as a fluid and dynamic body of work that has consistently interpreted the nation in different and often challenging ways. The book concludes by looking to the future. Penfold argues that South Africa’s national literature continues to be driven by a range of impulses and creativities. The most stimulating of these perhaps lie outside the confines of print, for example in graffiti and the happenings of South Africa’s parliament.


Graffiti Political theatre Creativities Marginalisation 


  1. Anderson, Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities. London: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  2. Crous, Marius. 2009. Afrikaans Poetry: New Voices. Current Writing: Text and Reception in Southern Africa 21 (1): 200–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. de Kock, Leon. 2001. South Africa in the Global Imaginary. Poetics Today 22 (2): 263–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. de Kock, Leon. 2005. Does South African Literature Still Exist? Or: Is South African Literature Dead, Long Live Literature in South Africa. English in Africa 32 (2): 69–83.Google Scholar
  5. Du Plessis, Clinton. 2009. Heupvuur: Clinton V. de Plessis Vertel van sy Nuew Bundle Gedigte, Talk Show Hosts & Reality Shows. LitNet. Accesssed 15 June 2012.Google Scholar
  6. Maake, Nhlanhla. 2000. Publishing and Perishing: Books, People and Reading in African Languages in South Africa. In The Politics of Publishing in South Africa, ed. Nicholas Evans and Monica Seeber, 127–159. London: University of Natal Press.Google Scholar
  7. Mhlambi, Brenda. 2008. African Discourses: The Old and the New in Post-Apartheid isiZulu Literature South African Black Television Drama. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  8. Mhlongo, Niq. 2004. Dog Eat Dog. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Michael, Cheryl Ann, and Sarah Nuttall (eds.). 2000. Introduction. In Senses of Culture, 1–23. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Penfold, Tom. 2016. Mxolisi Nyezwa’s Poetry of No Sure Place. Social Dynamics 42 (3): 504–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Penfold, Tom. Forthcoming. Writing the City from Below: Graffiti in Johannesburg. Current Writing: Text and Reception in Southern Africa 29 (2).Google Scholar
  12. Powers, J.L. 2015. The Politics of Crime: South Africa’s New Socially Conscious Genre. World Literatures Today 30 (2): 30–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Press, Karen. 1990. Building a National Culture in South Africa. In: Rendering Things Visible, ed. Martin Trump, 22–40. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Renan, Ernst. 1882. What is a Nation? Sorbonne Lecture. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
  15. Smith, Anthony. 2002. When is a Nation? Geopolitics 7 (2): 5–32.Google Scholar
  16. Words without Borders. 2004. Dog Eat Dog: A Novel by Niq Mhlongo. Ohio Swallow. Available at Accessed 21 Feb 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations