• Tom Penfold


This introduction quickly establishes literature as a fluid concept that changes in relation to different audiences and social contexts. From this understanding, Penfold discusses past attempts at documenting South Africa’s national literature. He criticises these initial accounts for relying too heavily on the nation as a fixed bound entity. Instead he proposes that the nation, like literature, is malleable. Thus, by concentrating on a specific strand of Black Consciousness literature we can trace how writers seamlessly borrow from different cultures to imagine changing audiences and create a continually evolving South Africa.


Hybridity National literature The nation Fluidity 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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