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Esther is the patron-saint for crypto-Jews and conversos in the early modern period. A biblical secret Jewish queen who lived as a minority in Persia; she only reveals her identity in order to save her coreligionists at great personal risk. In the introduction I discuss a Sephardic approach to analyzing the eight early modern Esther retellings in this book. This includes developing a new understanding of national and religious identity. I review the historical background and major debates regarding the religiosity and shifting identity of conversos. I also establish the parameters for the gendered approach of my analysis and specifically discuss the different versions of the Book of Esther referred to throughout the manuscript.