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Immediate and General Common Ground

  • Leda BerioEmail author
  • Anja Latrouite
  • Robert Van Valin
  • Gottfried Vosgerau
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10257)

Abstract

The traditional literalism account of meaning has been challenged by several theories that stress the importance of context and of contextual information in communication, especially for mechanisms of meaning determination and reference fixing. However, the role of lexical meaning in such contextualist accounts often remains only vaguely defined. In this paper, we defend an account of communication that keeps the advantages of contextualist theories, while a new element is introduced that we claim could help to solve some of the remaining issues. By differentiating Immediate and General Common Ground in communication, we draw a distinction between mechanisms related to the situation at hand and those concerned with world and language knowledge. We further argue that such a distinction can help to understand cases of loose use and metaphors of which we provide some examples. Finally, we claim that this distinction has grammatical reality, as it is shown by the examples from Lakhota (North America), Umpithamu (Australia), Kuuk Thaayorre (Australia) and Mongsen Ao (India) discussed in the paper.

Keywords

Common Ground Joint Attention Lexical Entry Relevance Theory Literal Meaning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leda Berio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anja Latrouite
    • 1
  • Robert Van Valin
    • 1
  • Gottfried Vosgerau
    • 1
  1. 1.Heinrich Heine UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany

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