The growing availability of spatial data heralds extensive opportunities for urban planning and design . Planning for resilience and enabling positive design outcomes requires transliterate methods of working with data and instigation of systems which can be quickly and iteratively adapted to complex multiple criteria and across multiple geographies. As such, planning support systems are critical to assist decision-makers navigate increasingly large repositories of (big) data, and develop evidence-based, replicable methodologies and easily communicated scenarios that can inform both the planning process and increase community buy-in for behavioural augmentation. To do this, we need to bring together data and information sets in a dynamic way, from disparate and vastly divergent disciplines and sources. This chapter will present a series of exemplars for environmental analysis, predictive modelling and planning support systems , particularly, the Australian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN): a federated data platform supporting urban research, design and policy formulation.
- Agent based pedestrian modeling
- Community consultation
- Data access
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Andersen, J., & Landex, A. (2009). GIS-based approaches to catchment area analyses of mass transit. In ESRI Users Group Conference (pp. 1–13). ESRI.
Badland, H., White, M., MacAulay, G., Eagleson, S., Mavoa, S., Pettit, C., et al. (2013). Using simple agent-based modeling to inform and enhance neighborhood walkability. International Journal of Health Geographics, 12(1), 58.
Batty, M. (2016). Urban resilience: How cities need to adapt to unanticipated and sudden change. In E. Pate-Cornell, W. B. Rouse, C. M. Vest (Eds.), Perspectives on complex global challenges: Education, energy, healthcare, security and resilience (pp. 169–171). New York: Wiley.
Bell, A., Garrard, J., & Swinburn, B. (2005). Active transport to work in Australia: Is it all downhill from here? Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health/Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health, 18(1), 62–68.
BOM. (2013). 2013 shaping up to be one of Australia’s hottest years on record. Bureau of Meteorology. Accessed July 11, 2016 from http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/updates/articles/a003-2013-temperature.shtml#july-update
Boon, H. J. (2014). Disaster resilience in a flood-impacted rural Australian town. Natural Hazards, 71(1), 683–701.
Conklin, J. (2005). Dialogue mapping: Building shared understanding of wicked problems. New York: Wiley.
Derobertis, M., Eells, J., Kott, J., & Lee, R. W. (2014). Changing the paradigm of traffic impact studies: How typical traffic studies inhibit sustainable transportation. ITE Journal, 84(5), 30.
Dobbs, C., Kendal, D., & Nitschke, C. (2013). The effects of land tenure and land use on the urban forest structure and composition of Melbourne. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 12, 417–425.
Dobbs, C., Kendal, D., & Nitschke, C. R. (2014). Multiple ecosystem services and disservices of the urban forest establishing their connections with landscape structure and sociodemographics. Ecological Indicators, 43, 44–55.
Eamus, D. (2006). Ecohydrology: Vegetation function, water and resource management. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing.
Fletcher, T., Andrieu, H., & Hamel, P. (2013). Understanding, management and modelling of urban hydrology and its consequences for receiving waters: A state of the art. Advances in Water Resources, 51, 261–279.
Geertman, S., Toppen, F., & Stillwell, J. (Eds.). (2013). Planning support systems for sustainable urban development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: Imprint: Springer.
Giles-Corti, B., Wood, G., Pikora, T., Learnihan, V., Bulsara, M., Van Niel, K., et al. (2011). School site and the potential to walk to school: The impact of street connectivity and traffic exposure in school neighborhoods. Health & place, 17(2), 545–550.
Gleeson, B. (2008). Critical commentary. Waking from the dream: An Australian perspective on urban resilience. Urban Studies, 45(13), 2653–2668.
Gray, M. (1993). Flora of Melbourne. Hyland House.
Holliday, I., & Watton, G. (1980). A gardener’s guide to eucalypts (pp. 94–95). Rigby Publishers.
Jarrett, J., Woodcock, J., Griffiths, U. K., Chalabi, Z., Edwards, P., Roberts, I., et al. (2012). Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health Service. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2198–2205.
Kirkpatrick, J., Davison, A., & Daniels, G. (2012). Resident attitudes towards trees influence the planting and removal of different types of trees in eastern Australian cities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 107(2), 147–158.
Kitchin, R. (2014). The real-time city? Big data and smart urbanism. GeoJournal, 79(1), 1–14.
Kitchin, R., & Lauriault, T. P. (2015). Small data in the era of big data. GeoJournal, 80(4), 463–475.
Leichenko, R. (2011). Climate change and urban resilience. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3(3), 164–168.
McCormack, G. R., Giles-Corti, B., & Bulsara, M. (2008). The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 46(1), 33–40.
McDonald, N. C., Steiner, R. L., Palmer, W. M., Bullock, A. N., Sisiopiku, V. P., & Lytle, B. F. (2016). Costs of school transportation: quantifying the fiscal impacts of encouraging walking and bicycling for school travel. Transportation, 43(1), 159–175.
Melbourne Water. (2012). Planning for sea level rise—Guidelines. Melbourne: Melbourne Water.
Melbourne Water. (2013). Stormwater strategy: A Melbourne Water strategy for managing rural and urban runoff. Melbourne: Melbourne Water.
Mitchell, P. J., O’Grady, A. P., Hayes, K. R., & Pinkard, E. A. (2014). Exposure of trees to drought-induced die-off is defined by a common climatic threshold across different vegetation types. Ecology and Evolution, 4(7), 1088–1101.
NACTO. (2013). Urban street design guide. Washington, DC : Island Press/Center for Resource Economics : Imprint: Island Press.
Newman, P., Beatley, T., & Boyer, H. (2009). Resilient cities: Responding to peak oil and climate change. Island Press.
Olds, T. S., Tomkinson, G. R., Ferrar, K. E., & Maher, C. A. (2010). Trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Australia between 1985 and 2008. International Journal of Obesity, 34(1), 57–66.
Owen, N., Cerin, E., Leslie, E., Coffee, N., Frank, L. D., Bauman, A. E., et al. (2007). Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(5), 387–395.
Owen, N., Humpel, N., Leslie, E., Bauman, A., & Sallis, J. F. (2004). Understanding environmental influences on walking: Review and research agenda. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(1), 67–76.
Parmehr, E. G., Amati, M., Taylor, E. J., & Livesley, S. J. (2016). Original article: Estimation of urban tree canopy cover using random point sampling and remote sensing methods. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 20, 160–171.
Pettit, C.J., Barton, J., Goldie, X., Sinnott, R., Stimson, R., & Kvan, T. (2015). The Australian urban intelligence network supporting smart cities. In S. Geertman, J. Stillwell, J. Ferreira, J. Goodspeed (Eds.), Planning Support Systems and Smart Cities (pp. 243–259). Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Pikora, T., Giles-Corti, B., & Donovan, R. (2001). How far will people walk to facilities in their local neighbourhoods? In Australia: Walking the 21st Century, International Conference, 2001, Perth, Western Australia (Vol. 3).
Presland, G. (2008). The place for a village: How nature has shaped the city of Melbourne. Melbourne: Museum Victoria Publishing.
Rockefeller Foundation. (2016). The role of foundations: Rockefeller Foundation. Public Health Reviews, 37(1), 32.
Rogers, B., Bertram, N., Gunn, A., Löwe, R., Murphy, C., Pasman, R., et al. (2016). An interdisciplinary approach to identify adaptation strategies that enhance flood resilience and urban liveability. In IWA World Water Congress & Exhibition.
Sander, H., Ghosh, D., van Riper, D., & Manson, S. M. (2010). How do you measure distance in spatial models? An example using open-space valuation. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 37(5), 874–894.
Sarkar, C., Webster, C., Pryor, M., Tang, D., Melbourne, S., Zhang X., & Jianzheng, L. (2015). Exploring associations between urban green, street design and walking: Results from the greater London boroughs. Landscape and Urban Planning, 143, 112–125.
Schlossberg, M., Greene, J., Phillips, P. P., Johnson, B., & Parker, B. (2006). School trips: effects of urban form and distance on travel mode. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72(3), 337–346.
Shears, I. (2009). City of Melbourne: An urban greening perspective. In Proceedings of Conference on The 10th National Street Tree Symposium, TreeNet, Adelaide, Australia (pp. 55–61).
Sinnott, R. O. C., Bayliss, A., Bromage, G., Galang, G., Grazioli, P., Greenwood, G., et al. (2014). The Australia urban research gateway. Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience, 27(2), 358–375.
Steiniger, S., & Hunter, A. J. (2013). A user manual to perform home range analysis and estimation with OpenJUMP HoRAE.
Threlfall, C. G., Williams, N. S., Hahs, A. K., & Livesley, S. J. (2016). Approaches to urban vegetation management and the impacts on urban bird and bat assemblages. Landscape and Urban Planning, 153, 28–39.
Ulmer, J. M., Wolf, K. L., Backman, D. R., Tretheway, R. L., Blain, C. J. A., O’Neil-Dunne, J. P. M., & Frank L. D. (2016). Multiple health benefits of urban tree canopy: The mounting evidence for a green prescription. Health & Place, 42, 54–62.
United Nations. (2006). UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Department of Public Information. http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml
Van der Ploeg, H. P., Merom, D., Corpuz, G., & Bauman, A. E. (2008). Trends in Australian children traveling to school 1971–2003: Burning petrol or carbohydrates? Preventive Medicine, 46(1), 60–62.
White, M. (2007). The plan is an inadequate tool for planning: Enhancing the urban design process through the use of 3D+ digital tools directed towards sustainability. In Forum on the Application of Sustainable Theory to Urban Development Practice Proceedings.
White, M., & Kimm, G. (2016). PedCatch. http://www.pedcatch.com
White, M., & Langenheim, N. (2014). Impact assessment of street trees in the City of Melbourne using temporal high polygon 3D canopy modelling. In 7th International Urban Design Conference Designing Productive Cities. Adelaide, Australia.
Wilkinson, M. D., et al. (2016). The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Scientific Data, 3.
Wilson, W. H. (1993). The city beautiful movement. Baltimore, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Yang, Y., & Diez-Roux, A. V. (2013). Using an agent-based model to simulate children’s active travel to school. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10(10.1186), 1479–5868.
The PedCatch tool has been built on prior work funded by the Australian Urban Research Infrastructure Network (AURIN) and The Australian National Data Service (ANDS). The current project is a University of Melbourne Disability Research Initiative funded by Melbourne Networked Society Institute (MNSI) and Melbourne Social Equity Institute (MSEI).
The Elwood project was developed through PhD candidature in the Department of Architecture, Monash University and forms part of the wider research into Elwood and its catchment undertaken by the Co-operative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities’ D5.1 program.
Editors and Affiliations
© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Langenheim, N., White, M., Barton, J., Eagleson, S. (2017). Designing with Data for Urban Resilience. In: Geertman, S., Allan, A., Pettit, C., Stillwell, J. (eds) Planning Support Science for Smarter Urban Futures. CUPUM 2017. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57819-4_7
Publisher Name: Springer, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-319-57818-7
Online ISBN: 978-3-319-57819-4