TXT-tool 4.886-1.2: Procedures for Constructing Disaster Evacuation Maps: Guidelines and Standards

  • Su-Chin Chen
  • Lien-Kuang Chen


How to reduce the damage and casualties from debris flows is one of the most significant studies needed to protect the public. The most pressing need, as a precaution against natural calamities, is to map out evacuation directions and refuges in debris flow disaster areas. Local residents should be trained in emergency concepts and instinctively using common sense, through teaching, evacuation training, organizing a system for warning announcements, and weather prediction information.


Debris flow Evacuation map Evacuation route Disaster prevention 


  1. Debris flow disaster prevention information web.
  2. Disaster prevention information web of Tainan City.
  3. National fire agency disaster information service web.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil and Water ConservationNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction (NCDR)New TaipeiTaiwan, ROC

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