Advertisement

TXT-tool 4.039-2.1: On the Protection of Cultural Heritages from Landslides

  • Claudio Margottini
Chapter

Abstract

Protection of cultural heritage from landslide is a science at the border between Engineering Geology and Conservation of Cultural Heritage. It needs both a highly qualified know-how and funds, due to the importance of the site to protect and the possibly additional difficulties during the works execution. Cultural Heritage protection requires also an integrated approach among different disciplines, including restoration, and very deep investigation in each different sector of knowledge. Since a limited knowledge in a single step of the process may affect the entire process. In detail, when dealing with Cultural Heritage, there is the need of a correct geological and geotechnical model and relationship with slope stability. Data collecting do have to emphasize the requested need. Simplified approach can lead to a misunderstanding of processes and then to a wrong mitigation measurement.

Keywords

Landslide Cultural heritage Mitigation Monitoring Traditional knowledge 

References

  1. Canuti P, Margottini C, Fanti R, Bromhead E (2008a) Cultural heritage and landslides: research for risk prevention and conservation. In: Canuti P, Sassa K (eds) Landslides—disaster risk reduction, proceedings 1st world landslide forum. Tokyo, Springer, Nov 2008Google Scholar
  2. Canuti P, Margottini C, Casagli N, Delmonaco G, Falconi L, Fanti R, Ferretti A, Lollino G, Puglisi C, Spizzichino D, Tarchi D (2008b) Monitoring, geomorphological evolution and slope stability of Inca citadel of Machu Picchu: results from Italian INTERFRASI project. In: Canuti P, Sassa K (eds) Landslides—disaster risk reduction, proceedings 1st world landslide forum. Tokyo, Springer, Nov 2008Google Scholar
  3. Delmonaco G, Margottini C, Spizzichino D (2013) Rock fall assessment in the Siq of Petra, Jordan. In: Canuti P, Margottini C, Sassa K (eds) Landslide science and practice, volume 6: risk assessment, management and mitigation. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 441–449. ISBN 978-3-642-31312-6Google Scholar
  4. Delmonaco G, Leoni G, Margottini C, Spizzichino D (2014) Implementation of advanced monitoring system network in the Siq of Petra (Jordan). In: Lollino G et al. (ed) Engineering geology for society and territory, vol 8. Preservation of cultural heritage. Proceeding of IAEG XII CONGRESS, Torino, Springer, Sept 2014Google Scholar
  5. Fitzner B (2004) Documentation and evaluation of stone damage to monuments. In: Kwiatkowski D, Lofvendahl R (eds) Proceedings of the 10th international congress on deterioration and conservation of stone, Stockholm, vol II, pp 667–690, ICOMOS, Sweden, 27 June–2 July 2004Google Scholar
  6. Flores-Valdez C (2003) Importancia del nopal. In: Flores Valdez CA (ed) Nopalitos y tunas, producciòn, comercializaciòn, poscosecha e industrializaciòn. 1. Ed. Universidad Autònoma Chapingo, CIESTAAM. MeÅLxico, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  7. Gardiner D, Felker P, Carr T (1999) Cactus improves water infiltration rates in two soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 30:1707–1712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. ICCROM (2006) Introducing young people to the protection of heritages sites and historic cities—a practical guide for school teachers in the Arab region. Revised second editionGoogle Scholar
  9. Margottini C (2008) Recovery of the Buddha’s niches and cliff in Bamiyan (Central Afghanistan) after the Taliban destruction of 2001. Key note lecture. In: Landslides: disaster risk assessment. Springer, Berlin. ISBN: 978-3-540-69966-8Google Scholar
  10. Margottini C (2013). Surface erosion and mass movement constrains in the conservation of Akapana pyramid mound (Tiwanaku, Bolivia). In: (a cura di): Margottini C, Canuti P, Sassa K (eds) Landslide science in practice: risk assessment and mitigation. Springer, Berlin. ISBN: 978-3-642-31318-9Google Scholar
  11. Margottini C, Shadis R (2010) monitoring mission in Tiwanaku (Bolivia). UNESCO World Heritage Centre internal report, 8–12 Nov 2010Google Scholar
  12. Margottini C, Gigli G, Ruther H, Spizzichino D (2016a) Advances in geotechnical investigations and monitoring in rupestrian settlements inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. In: Proceedings of the fourth Italian Workshop on Landslides, Procedia, ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  13. Margottini C, Gigli G, Ruther H, Spizzichino D (2016b) Advances in sustainable conservation practices in rupestrian settlements inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. In: Proceedings of the fourth Italian workshop on landslides, Procedia, ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  14. Ramsey JE (1999) Evaluación del comportamiento del adobe estabilizado con cal y goma de tuna. Tesis para optar al Título de Ingeniero Agrícola. Universidad Nacional Agraria. La Molina. LimaGoogle Scholar
  15. Sassa K, Fukuoka H, Kamai T, Shuzui H (2001) Landslide risk at Inca’s World Heritage in Machu Picchu, Peru. In: Proceedings UNESCO/IGCP symposium on landslide risk mitigation and protection of cultural and natural heritage, Tokyo, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  16. Tanaka H, Fujisawa K, Asai K (2008) Identifying unstable rock blocks by measuring micro-tremors and vibration on cliffs. Adv Geosci 14:165–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. World Bank (1994) Cultural heritage in environmental assessment. Environmental assessment sourcebook, Update, n 8 (prepared by Taboroff J). The World Bank, Environment Department, 8 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISPRA—Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Geological Survey of ItalyRomaItaly

Personalised recommendations