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TXT-tool 3.886-1.2: Simulation for the Debris Flow and Sediment Transport in a Large-Scale Watershed

  • Ying-Hsin Wu
  • Ko-Fei Liu
  • Yi-Chin Chen
  • Yu-Jia Chiu
  • Shang-Shu Shih
Chapter

Abstract

We highlight a methodology of simulation of large-scale watershed mass transport, including landslide, debris flow, and sediment transport. A case study of Tsengwen reservoir watershed under the extreme rainfall triggered by typhoon Morakot is demonstrated. This approach starts with volume-area relation with landslide inventory method to predict temporal and regional landslide volume production and distribution. Then, debris flow model, Debris-2D, is applied to simulate the mass transport from hillslope to fluvial channel. Finally, a sediment transport model, NETSTARS, is used for hydraulic and sediment routing in river and reservoir. Near the water intake at the reservoir dam, the simulated sediment concentration is in good agreement with the measured one. The proposed approach gives good prediction and should help the management of reservoir operation and disaster prevention.

Keywords

Regional-scale simulation Watershed Mass movement Landslide Debris-2D Sediment transport 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Water Resource Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan for financially supporting this research and many valuable hydrological data.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying-Hsin Wu
    • 1
  • Ko-Fei Liu
    • 2
  • Yi-Chin Chen
    • 3
  • Yu-Jia Chiu
    • 4
  • Shang-Shu Shih
    • 4
  1. 1.Disaster Prevention Research InstituteKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of GeographyNational Changhwa University of EducationChanghuaTaiwan
  4. 4.Hydrotech Research InstituteNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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