Introduction: The Latvian Auxiliary Security Police and Cold War Justice
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The Latvian Auxiliary Security Police, informally known as the Arajs Kommando after its founder and commander, Viktors Arājs, was composed of about 1,200 volunteers and participated in all aspects of the “Holocaust by Bullets” in the Nazi-occupied East. The Nazis’ defeat scattered the men of the Kommando across both sides of the Iron Curtain. Nearly a third of them eventually faced formal judgment. The Soviet Union handled the largest number of cases, while both West and East Germany and the United States took up the rest. Viewing these legal systems through the prism of this one specific unit with special attention to the changing context of the Cold War, this study seeks to answer the question: which most capably discovered and communicated the truth about the Holocaust in Latvia?