Advertisement

Worst Case Meteorological Scenario for Norway in Case of an Accident in Sellafield Nuclear Site

  • Heiko Klein
  • Jerzy BartnickiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)

Abstract

Consequences for Norway in case of a hypothetical accident in Sellafield nuclear site have been of concern for Norwegian authorities for some time now. A 33-year period with meteorological data and the dispersion model SNAP was used to find out the meteorological conditions for which atmospheric transport of radioactive debris from Sellafield nuclear site to Norway is the most efficient. This was done by running the SNAP model two times each day for the entire period and selecting the situations with maximum deposition to Norwegian territory. The worst case meteorological scenario for Norway in case of a hypothetical accident in Sellafield was found on 25th of June 1989. In this meteorological situation atmospheric transport to the west coast of Norway takes only 12 h. Based on the results of the SNAP runs, the probability of reaching Norway by radioactive pollution in case of an accident in Sellafield was also analysed. Such a probability is high (25–40%) for most of the Norwegian territory, except for the northern part and very high (over 40%) for the western coast of Norway.

Keywords

Sellafield ltd Atmospheric dispersion Meteorological database Worst case scenario 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and to the Centre of Excellence for Environmental Radioactivity for the financial support of this. This work was partly supported by the Research Council of Norway through its Centres of Excellence funding scheme, project number 223268/F50.

References

  1. Bartnicki J, Haakenstad H, Hov Ø (2011) Operational SNAP model for remote applications from NRPA. Research report no. 12, ISSN 0332-9879. Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, NorwayGoogle Scholar
  2. Bartnicki J, Amundsen I, Brown J, Hosseini A, Hov Ø, Haakenstad H, Klein H, Lind OC, Salbu B, Wendel C, Ytre-Eide MA (2016) Atmospheric transport of radioactive 644 debris to Norway in case of a hypothetical accident related to the recovery of the Russian 645 submarine K-27. J Environ Radioact 151:404–416Google Scholar
  3. Dee DP, Uppala SM, Simmons AJ, Berrisford P, Poli P, Kobayashi S, Andrae U, Balmaseda MA, Balsamo G, Bauer P, Bechtold P, Beljaars ACM, van de Berg L, Bidlot J, Bormann N, Delsol C, Dragani R, Fuentes M, Geer AJ, Haimberger L, Healy SB, Hersbach H, Holm EV, Isaksen L, Kållberg P, Kohler M, Matricardi M, McNally AP, Monge-Sanz BM, Morcrette J-J, Park B-K, Peubey C, de Rosnay P, Tavolato C, Thepaut J-N, Vitart F (2011) The ERA-interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quart J R Meteorol Soc 137:553–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Undén P, Rontu L, Järvinen H, Lynch P, Calvo J, Cats G, Cuaxart J, Eerola K, Fortelius C, Garcia-Moya JA, Jones C, Lenderlink G, McDonald A, Mc-Grath R, Navascues B, Nielsen NW, Ødegaard V, Rodriguez E, Rummukainen M, Rööm R, Sattler K, Sass BH, Savijärvi H, Schreur BW, Sigg R, The H, Tijm A (2002) HIRLAM-5 scientific documentation, HIRLAM-5 project. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, SwedenGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Meteorological InstituteOsloNorway
  2. 2.Centre of Excellence for Environmental RadioactivityÅsNorway

Personalised recommendations