Role of 3D Ultrasound in the Evaluation of Uterine Anomalies

  • Betlem Graupera
  • Maria Àngela Pascual
  • Lourdes Hereter
  • Cristina Pedrero


Congenital uterine anomalies, also known as Müllerian duct anomalies due to their embryological origin in Müllerian ducts, may occur at any point resulting from isolated or combined alterations involved in embryogenic development in the uterus. The prevalence of these malformations tends to vary depending on the population studied. Women with congenital uterine anomalies can be asymptomatic or can present both obstetric and gynecological symptoms, including hematocolpos and hematometra, as well as infertility and miscarriage. The most commonly used classification for uterine anomalies has been that of the American Fertility Society. Recently, the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology and the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy have established a new consensus on the classification of congenital malformations of the female genital tract. Several imaging techniques are used to diagnose uterine anomalies. Transvaginal ultrasound has been used to screen for congenital uterine anomalies. But three-dimensional ultrasound holds a distinct advantage over other techniques since they simultaneously provide information about both the external contour and the uterine cavity. Three-dimensional ultrasound has demonstrated a good level of accuracy and good interobserver agreement in the diagnosis of uterine anomalies.


Congenital uterine anomalies Müllerian duct anomalies Ultrasound Imaging 3DUS 



Under the auspices of the Càtedra d’ Investigació en Obstetrícia i Ginecologia de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Betlem Graupera
    • 1
  • Maria Àngela Pascual
    • 1
  • Lourdes Hereter
    • 1
  • Cristina Pedrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and ReproductionHospital Universitari DexeusBarcelonaSpain

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