What is the Nature of the First Cause?

  • Andrew Ter Ern LokeEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Frontiers in Philosophy of Religion book series (PFPR)


I demonstrate, on the basis of the arguments in the previous chapters, that the First Cause is uncaused, beginningless and initially changeless. I observe that this conclusion has parallels with Hartle and Hawking’s (Physical Review 28:2960–2975, 1983) model. In addition to various technical problems with this model, I show that the deeper conceptual problem is that it cannot satisfactorily address issues concerning the origination of change. I argue that the First Cause must have: (1) the capacity to initiate the first event; and (2) the capacity to prevent itself from changing, for otherwise the First Cause would not have been initially changeless. I explain that the required property is characteristic of libertarian agency rather than quantum system.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong

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