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Geriatric Trauma: Spinal Injury Nursing Care

  • Kai Bortz
Chapter

Abstract

Spinal injuries in the elderly can be devastating. Osteoporosis and degenerative joint disease increase the risk of a spine injury in the older adult patient [1]. In addition, decreased muscle mass and ligament strength further increases the older adults risk of a spinal injury following a traumatic event. Odontoid fractures are the most common spinal fracture, accounting for 11% of all traumatic cervical spine injuries, of which 40–60% are Type II odontoid fractures [2]. Spinal injuries often occur as the result of a low velocity fall [2]. A cervical collar must be maintained until a fracture can be ruled out [1].

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transitional Trauma UnitLehigh Valley Health NetworkAllentownUSA

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