Geriatric Trauma: Spinal Injury Nursing Care
Spinal injuries in the elderly can be devastating. Osteoporosis and degenerative joint disease increase the risk of a spine injury in the older adult patient . In addition, decreased muscle mass and ligament strength further increases the older adults risk of a spinal injury following a traumatic event. Odontoid fractures are the most common spinal fracture, accounting for 11% of all traumatic cervical spine injuries, of which 40–60% are Type II odontoid fractures . Spinal injuries often occur as the result of a low velocity fall . A cervical collar must be maintained until a fracture can be ruled out .
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