Cardiac/Hemodynamic Monitoring

  • Jay Menaker
  • Thomas M. Scalea


The number of people in the United Stated over the age of 65 years continues to grow. As a result, trauma, a disease once thought of as inflicting only the young, has changed its demographic distribution. This older population has become an increasingly larger portion of those requiring trauma and emergency care. However, due to pre-existing comorbid diseases and decreases in physiologic reserve, the care required for the elderly patient can be somewhat challenging and complex. The following chapter will focus on cardiovascular issues and management in the elderly including various modalities of hemodynamic monitoring to help provide care.


Elderly Cardiovascular Atrial fibrillation Myocardial ischemia Invasive monitoring Continuous central venous oximetry Pulse contour analysis Echocardiography 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Surgical/Critical Care, Department of Surgery, Program in Trauma, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma CenterUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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