Critical Care: Pulmonary

  • Nicole L. Werner
  • Lena M. Napolitano


Pulmonary complications [atelectasis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, COPD exacerbation, acute respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)] are common in geriatric trauma and acute care surgery patients. Pneumonia and acute respiratory failure are most common. Acute respiratory failure and ARDS are life-threatening pulmonary complications that require mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit admission, and are associated with increased risk for ventilator-associated pneumonia. This chapter reviews epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of pulmonary complications in geriatric patients.


Pulmonary Pneumonia Respiratory failure Ventilator-associated pneumonia Ventilator-associated events Acute respiratory distress syndrome Mechanical ventilation Outcomes 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Acute Care Surgery (Trauma, Burns, Surgical Critical Care, Emergency Surgery), Department of SurgeryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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