Geriatric Cervical Spinal Trauma: History, Presentation, and Treatment

  • Victor Ryan Lewis
  • Stephen Curran Kane
  • Ira Martin Garonzik
  • James Edmond Conway


As the generation of baby boomers in the United States ages, there is an increased need to address these individuals’ chronic degenerative changes as well as the acute traumatic injuries that these changes may cause [1]. Specifically, this population is more susceptible to low-energy trauma in the form of standing or seated falls that may cause trauma of the cervical spine [31, 32, 33, 34, 36]. This chapter specifically focuses on the predispositions of the elderly to cervical spinal trauma, mechanisms of trauma, posttraumatic structural and neurological compromise, as well as corresponding treatment and prognosis.


Central cord syndrome Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament Geriatric Trauma Cervical spine Odontoid fracture 



Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion


Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen System




Ankylosing spondylitis


American Spinal Injury Association’s


Central cord syndrome


Computerized tomography


Degenerative disc disease


Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis


Motor vehicle accidents


Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament


Posterior cervical discectomy and fusion


Spinal cord injury


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Ryan Lewis
    • 1
  • Stephen Curran Kane
    • 1
  • Ira Martin Garonzik
    • 2
    • 1
  • James Edmond Conway
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.Baltimore Neurosurgery and Spine CenterBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurosurgery at Sinai HospitalBaltimore Neurosurgery and Spine CenterBaltimoreUSA

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