Radiological studies of the shoulder can assist in the diagnostic pathway in a wide variety of conditions. The appropriate imaging studies will depend on the nature of the suspected pathology, and the correct radiological investigation should be guided by accurate clinical history and examination. Plain X-ray is frequently the initial imaging investigation of choice, with more advanced imaging techniques e.g. ultrasound, MRI and CT selected, dependent upon the clinical and plain X-ray findings. This chapter aims to highlight and review the imaging modalities available to assess the various shoulder pathologies, describing their common indications as well as their clinical applications.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Bigliani LU, Morrison DS, April EW. The morphology of the acromion and its relationship to rotator cuff tears. Orthopaedic. Transactions. 1986;10:228.
Nam D, Maak TG, Raphael BS, Kepler CK, Cross MB, Warren RF. Rotator cuff tear arthropathy: evaluation, diagnosis and treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94(6):e34.
Nguyen VD. Rapid destructive arthritis of the shoulder. Skelet Radiol. 1996;25(2):107–12.
Petranova T, et al. Ultrasound of the shoulder. Med Ultrason. 2012;14(2):133–40.
Moosikasuwan JB, Miller TT, Burke BJ. Rotator cuff tears: clinical radiographic and US findings. Radiographics. 2005;25:1591–607.
Teefey SA. Shoulder sonography, why we do it. J Ultrasound Med. 2012;31(9):1325–31.
Lenza M, Buchbinder R, Tagwoingi Y, Johnston RV, Hanchard NCA, Faloppa F. Magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography and ultrasonography for assessing rotator cuff tears in people with shoulder pain for whom surgery is being considered (review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013; (9). Art. No.: CD009020. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009020.pub2
Harmon D, Hearty C. Ultrasound-guided suprascapular nerve block technique. Pain Physician. 2007;10:743–6.
deWitte PB, Selten JW, Navas A, Nagels J, Visser CP, Nelissed RG, Reijnierse M. Calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff: Randomised controlled trial of ultrasound guided needling and lavage versus subacromial corticosteroids. Am J Sports Med. 2013;41(7):1665–73.
McNally EG, Rees JL. Imaging in shoulder disorders. Skelet Radiol. 2007;36:1013–6.
Magee T, Williams D, Mani N. Shoulder MR arthrography: which patient group benefits most? AJR. 2004;183:969–74.
Buchsbaum. orthopaedic hip implants, extended hounsfield units, and artefact reduction: Evaluation of a commercial CT System. Researchgate.net/publication/274946722.
Goutallier D, Postel JM, Bernageau J, et al. Fatty muscle degeneration in cuff ruptures. Pre-and post operative evaluation by CT. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994;304:78–83.
Editors and Affiliations
© 2017 Springer International Publishing AG
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Basu, S., Temperley, D. (2017). Radiological Investigations. In: Monga, P., Funk, L. (eds) Diagnostic Clusters in Shoulder Conditions. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57334-2_4
Publisher Name: Springer, Cham
Print ISBN: 978-3-319-57332-8
Online ISBN: 978-3-319-57334-2