The Islamic Republic of Iran
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In tracking historical openings in Iran, from the early Constitutional revolution, through to the 2009 Green Movement and beyond, this chapter reflects on the evolving culture of rights in the country. The case of the Islamic Republic of Iran represents a regime that has roused the condemnation and disillusionment of millions, and despite possessing a strong military apparatus, has historically teetered on the brink of implosion due to its failure to heed popular demands for rights, freedom and democracy. With a strong focus on the legalistic rights framework that follows from the Iranian Constitution, a comprehensive assessment of the Iranian regime is developed that accounts for both the Islamic Republic’s longevity and the implicit threats of its collapse.