A Heuristic Approach to Cultivate Symbiosis in Industrial Clusters Led by Process Industry

Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 68)


This paper introduces a heuristic approach for industrial symbiosis (IS) facilitators to investigate and instigate better energy and resource management via synergies across process industries. The proposed method studies the industrial system at three levels; regional, cluster and company. At the company level, in-depth information is collected using a pentagonal LESTS (Legal, Economic, Spatial, Technical, Social) survey, which is formulated after weighing the regional effects on the whole system. At the cluster level, an inventory of technological and organisational opportunities is produced, offering leverage for IS activities. A gap analysis between the IS potential of the cluster and the IS appreciation on the industrial sites is visualised via LESTS pentagons. The coupled investigation at company and cluster level results in a list of realisable IS activities, which is then translated into business strategies for each participating company using a SWOT analysis.


Process Industry Symbiosis Activity Industrial Site Cluster Level Industrial Cluster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 679386, EPOS project (Enhanced energy and resource Efficiency and Performance in process industry Operations via onsite and cross-sectorial Symbiosis). The sole responsibility of this publication lies with the authors. The European Union is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy and Cluster Management, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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