Advertisement

Scientific Approach for Municipal Solid Waste Characterization

  • Dirk WeichgrebeEmail author
  • Christopher Speier
  • Moni Mohan Mondal
Chapter

Abstract

Knowledge of the composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) in specific rural or urban areas is of fundamental importance for the technical planning of waste collection, transport, recycling and treatment systems. Economic requirements, environmental influences and social impacts of waste management are projected and addressed within the system based on the waste composition. However, MSW is usually highly heterogeneous. Waste composition depends on consumption behaviour, housing structure, time, area, climate and other factors. Generation of reliable primary data on the composition of MSW appears to be difficult, time consuming and expensive. However, through an accurate statistical approach uncertainties in the technical planning are limited, and balanced with the required financial constraints for a characterization study. Apart from waste composition, profound and specific information on the generation of waste per person, behavioural aspects and local conditions are generated within the analysis.

References

  1. Büll, U., Zwisele, B., Nogueira, M. and Niestroj, J., 2005. Erhebung repräsentativer Planungsdaten für die Restabfallbehandlung eines Entsorgungsgebietes. Müll und Abfall, 1, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. Dep, V., 2009. Landfill ordinance, April 2009 (BGBl.I p. 900), latest amendment March 2016 (BGBl. I p. 382).Google Scholar
  3. EC, 2004. European Commission. Methodology for analysis of Solid Waste (SWA-Tool) User Version. iC consulenten ZT Gmbh, Austria. Retrieved from http://www.wien.gv.at/meu/fdb/pdf/swa-tool-759-ma48.pdf, Accessed on: 18.09.2014.
  4. Gilbert, R.O., 1987. Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Golueke, C., 1972. Composting – A Study of the Process and its Principles. University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  6. Haug, R., 1993. The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. Lewis Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. ISAH, 2015. Institute for Sanitary Engineering and Waste Management Hannover. Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Study for West Zone, Bengaluru (unpublished).Google Scholar
  8. LAGA, 2004. LAGA PN 98 Richtlinie für das Vorgehen bei physikalischen, chemischen und biologischen Untersuchungen im Zusammenhang mit der Verwertung/Beseitigung von Abfällen. Mainz, Germany.Google Scholar
  9. Lens, P., Hamelers, B., Hoitink, H. and Bidlingmaier, W., 2004. Resource Recovery and Reuse in Organic Solid Waste Management. Integrated Environmental Technology Series. IWA Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. LuBB, 1998. Landesumweltamt Brandenburg. Richtlinie für die Durchführung von Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung der Menge und Zusammenfassung fester Siedlungsabfälle im Land Brandenburg Teil 1. In Fachbeiträge des Landsumweltamtes Abfallwirtschaft, Titelreihe Nr. 34, Potsdam.Google Scholar
  11. USEPA and USDOE, 1992. United States Environmental Protection Agency and United States Department of Environment. Characterizing Heterogeneous Wastes: Methods and Recommendations. EPA/600/R-92/033. NTIS PB 92-216894. EPA Office of Research and Development, Las Vegas, NV and USDOE Office of Technology Development, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  12. USEPA, 1998. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Final Technical Support Document for HWC MACT Standards, Volume VI Development of Comparable Fuels Standards. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  13. USEPA, 2002. United States Environmental Protection Agency. RCRA Waste Sampling Draft Technical Guidance Planning, Implementation, and Assessment. EPA/600/R-92/033. NTIS PB 92-216894. EPA Office of Research and Development, Las Vegas, NV and USDOE Office of Technology Development, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  14. Weichgrebe, D., Nguyet, T., Meier, S. and Kohlenberg, M., 2015. Ermittlung des tatsächlich bereitgestellten Restabfallvolumens in der Region Hannover (unpublished).Google Scholar
  15. Weigand, H. and Marb, C., 2005. Zusammensetzung und Schadstoffgehalt von Restmüll aus Haushaltungen, Müll und Abfall 10, 2005.Google Scholar
  16. Worrell, W., Vesilind, A. (2012) Solid Waste Engineering. 2nd Edition, SI Version. Cengage Learning, Stamford, USA. ISBN 978-1-4390-6217-3.Google Scholar
  17. Zwisele, B., 2005. Probenahmemethoden für die Bestimmung von Menge und Zusammensetzung fester Abfälle. In: Müllhandbuch, Nr. 1661, Mai 2005.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi, India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Weichgrebe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher Speier
    • 1
  • Moni Mohan Mondal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Sanitary Engineering and Waste ManagementLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations