Scientific Approach for Municipal Solid Waste Characterization

  • Dirk WeichgrebeEmail author
  • Christopher Speier
  • Moni Mohan Mondal


Knowledge of the composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) in specific rural or urban areas is of fundamental importance for the technical planning of waste collection, transport, recycling and treatment systems. Economic requirements, environmental influences and social impacts of waste management are projected and addressed within the system based on the waste composition. However, MSW is usually highly heterogeneous. Waste composition depends on consumption behaviour, housing structure, time, area, climate and other factors. Generation of reliable primary data on the composition of MSW appears to be difficult, time consuming and expensive. However, through an accurate statistical approach uncertainties in the technical planning are limited, and balanced with the required financial constraints for a characterization study. Apart from waste composition, profound and specific information on the generation of waste per person, behavioural aspects and local conditions are generated within the analysis.


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Copyright information

© Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi, India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Weichgrebe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher Speier
    • 1
  • Moni Mohan Mondal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Sanitary Engineering and Waste ManagementLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany

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