A Bayesian Active Learning Experimental Design for Inferring Signaling Networks
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- Ness R.O., Sachs K., Mallick P., Vitek O. (2017) A Bayesian Active Learning Experimental Design for Inferring Signaling Networks. In: Sahinalp S. (eds) Research in Computational Molecular Biology. RECOMB 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10229. Springer, Cham
Machine learning methods for learning network structure, applied to quantitative proteomics experiments, reverse-engineer intracellular signal transduction networks. They provide insight into the rewiring of signaling within the context of a disease or a phenotype. To learn the causal patterns of influence between proteins in the network, the methods require experiments that include targeted interventions that fix the activity of specific proteins. However, the interventions are costly and add experimental complexity.
We describe a active learning strategy for selecting optimal interventions. Our approach takes as inputs pathway databases and historic datasets, expresses them in form of prior probability distributions on network structures, and selects interventions that maximize their expected contribution to structure learning. Evaluations on simulated and real data show that the strategy reduces the detection error of validated edges as compared to an unguided choice of interventions, and avoids redundant interventions, thereby increasing the effectiveness of the experiment.