Advertisement

Strength Based Parenting: A New Avenue of Practise and Research in Positive Psychology

  • Lea E. WatersEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In his 1998 Presidential address to the American Psychological Association, launching the field of positive psychology, Professor Martin Seligman stated, “Ideally, psychology should be able to help document what kind of families’ result in the healthiest children” (Seligman M, Am Psychol 54:559–562, 1999, p. 560). The theme of positive families was again put forward in Seligman’s foundational paper on positive psychology co-authored with Professor Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi in 2000 where they called for a scientific understanding of what creates thriving families (Seligman M, Csikszentmihalyi M, Am Psychol 55:5–14, 2000). Yet two recent reviews of positive psychology by Donaldson et al. (J Posit Psychol 10:185–195, 2015) and by Rusk and Waters (J Posit Psychol 8(3):207–221, 2013) found an absence of research on parents and families in the field. This is an important gap which needs to be filled when discussing the future directions of positive psychology given the central importance of parenting on childhood development and well-being.

Keywords

Parenting Positive psychology Strengths-based Authoritative parenting Children Family 

References

  1. Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on Aadolescent competence and substance use. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56–95.Google Scholar
  2. Conoley C. W., Plumb E. W., Hawley K. J. (2015). Integrating positive psychology into family therapy: Positive family therapy. The Counseling Psychologist. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0011000015575392
  3. Darling, N., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Psychological Bulletin, 113, 487.Google Scholar
  4. Donaldson, S., Dollwet, M., & Rao, M. (2015). Happiness, excellence, and optimal human functioning revisited: Examining the peer-reviewed literature linked to Positive Psychology. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10, 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Enokido. M., Suzuki, A., Sadahiro, R., Matsumoto, Y., Kuwahata, F., Takahashi, N., Goto, K., & Otani, K. (2014). Parental care influences leukocyte telomere length with gender specificity in parents and offsprings. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 277.Google Scholar
  6. Govindji, R., & Linley, P. A. (2007). Strengths use, self-concordance and well-being: Implications for strengths coaching and coaching psychologists. International Coaching Psychology Review, 2, 143–153.Google Scholar
  7. Jach, H., Sun, J., Loton, D., Chin, TC., & Waters, L. (2017). Strengths and subjective wellbeing in adolescence: Strength-based parenting and the moderating effect of mindset. Journal of Happiness Studies, available first on-line.Google Scholar
  8. Roberts Gray, M., & Steinberg, L. (1999). Unpacking authoritative parenting: Reassessing a multidimensional construct. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 574–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Rusk, R., & Waters, L. (2013). Tracing the size, reach, impact and breadth of positive psychology. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(3), 207–221.Google Scholar
  10. Rusk, R., & Waters, L. (2015). Exploring the underlying components of positive psychology interventions: Five domains of positive function. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10, 141–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Seligman, M. (1999). American Psychological Association 1998 Annual Report: The President’s Address. American Psychologist, 54, 559–562.Google Scholar
  12. Seligman, M., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55, 5–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Sheridan, S. M., & Burt, J. B. (2009). Family-centered positive psychology. In C. R. Synder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology (2nd ed., pp. 551–229). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S. D., Dornbusch, S. M., & Darling, N. (1992). Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: Authoritative parenting, school involvement, and encouragement to succeed. Child development, 63, 1266–1281.Google Scholar
  15. Suldo, S., & Huebner, E. (2004). The role of life satisfaction in the relationship between authoritative parenting dimensions and adolescent problem behavior. In Quality-of-Life Research on Children and Adolescents. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 165–195.Google Scholar
  16. Valliant, G. (2012). Triumphs of experience: The men of the Harvard Grant Study. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Waters, L. (2015a). Strength-based parenting and life satisfaction in teenagers. Advances in Social Sciences, 2, 158–173.Google Scholar
  18. Waters, L. (2015b). The relationship between strength-based parenting with children’s stress levels and strength-based coping approaches. Psychology, 6, 689–699.Google Scholar
  19. Waters, L., & Sun, J. (in press). Can a brief strength-based parenting intervention boost self-efficacy and positive emotions in parents? International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology.Google Scholar
  20. Waters, L., Loton, D., & Jach, H. (in press). Does strength-based parenting predict academic achievement? The mediating effects of perseverance and engagement. Journal of Happiness Studies.Google Scholar
  21. Whittle, S., Simmons, J., Dennison, M., Vijayakumar, N., Schwartz, O., Yap, M., Sheeber, L., & Allen, N. (2014). Positive parenting predicts the development of adolescent brain structure: A longitudinal study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 8, 7–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Anglican Church of Australia Collegiate School of Saint Peter trading as St Peter's College 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Positive PsychologyMelbourne Graduate School of EducationCarltonAustralia
  2. 2.The University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations