Internationalization the Russian Way: Modernization of the Higher Education System in Russia

  • Natalia KukarenkoEmail author
  • Inga Zashikhina
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 48)


The chapter describes major changes in the Russian higher education system’s reformation during 2000s and onwards in the light of the global trends that affect the transformations of higher education system internationally. The focus of the chapter is on how internationalization is understood and implemented in the Russian context and the major challenges that the Russian higher education system faces. Without denying some of the positive results of both modernization and internationalization of the Russian higher education system, the authors argue that internationalization is used by the Russian State as a tool for diversification of higher education institutions’ provision. Despite the fact that the state addresses higher education system generally, de-facto its expectations are linked to a very limited number of HEIs that are anticipated to become the world leading universities. As a consequence internationalization functions as an institutional diversifier and has a limited impact. In this situation Russian – Norwegian educational cooperation becomes a driving force of internationalization and a valuable resource for modernization for Russian and Norwegian universities within the Barents Euro-Arctic Region (BEAR).


Russian higher education system Internationalization Modernization Diversification The Barents Euro-Arctic region Document analysis State policies Academic mobility Research cooperation National/international competition 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.High School of Humanities and Social SciencesNorthern (Arctic) Federal UniversityArkhangelskRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of Social SciencesNord UniversityBodøNorway

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