Liquid Maternity in Italian Migration Cinema

Chapter
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Abstract

In this chapter, Faleschini Lerner considers the roles of migrant mothers in four Italian fiction films that make women key narrative players: Andrea Segre’s Io sono Li (2011), Federico Bondi’s Mar Nero (2008), Terraferma by Emanuele Crialese (2011), and Io, l’altro by Mohsen Melliti (2006). She argues that the mothers in these films share a liquid experience of maternity insofar as they are associated visually with water as a metaphor for the instability of migrant lives in the postmodern era.

Keywords

Andrea Segre Federico Bondi Emanuele Crialese Mohsen Melliti Liquid motherhood Migrant motherhood 

Works Cited

  1. Abulafia, D. (2003). A Globalized Mediterranean: 1900-2000. In D. Abulafia (Ed.), The Mediterranean in history (pp. 283–312). London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  2. Aristarkhova, I. (2012). Hospitality and the maternal. Hypatia, 27(1), 163–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baldassar, L., Johanson, G., McAuliff, N., & Bressan, M. (Eds.). (2015). Chinese migration to Europe: Prato, Italy, and beyond. New York and London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid Modernity. London: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Bauman, Z. (2004). Wasted lives. Modernity and its outcasts. London: Polity.Google Scholar
  6. Braidotti, R. (2011a). Nomadic subjects: Embodiment and sexual difference in contemporary feminist theory (2nd revised ed.). New York: Columbia UP.Google Scholar
  7. Braidotti, R. (2011b). Nomadic theory: The portable Rosi Braidotti. New York: Columbia UP.Google Scholar
  8. Braidotti, R. (2006) Affirming the affirmative: On nomadic affectivity. Rhizomes [online], 11/12. Available at http://www.rhizomes.net/issue11/braidotti.html. Accessed July 16, 2016.
  9. Cacciari, M. (1997). L’arcipelago. Milano: Adelphi.Google Scholar
  10. Caritas Internationalis. (2010). The Female Face of Migration. Background paper [online]. Available at http://www.caritas.org/includes/pdf/backgroundmigration.pdf. Accessed August 3, 2016.
  11. Carson, A. (1990). Putting her in her place: Woman, dirt, and desire. In Halperin, Winkler, Froma (Eds.), Before sexuality. The construction of erotic experience in the Ancient Greek World (pp. 135–169), Princeton: Princeton UP.Google Scholar
  12. Cavarero, A. (1997). Tu che mi guardi, tu che mi racconti. Filosofia della narrazione. Milano: Feltrinelli.Google Scholar
  13. Chambers, I. (2005). Off the map: A Mediterranean Journey. Comparative Literature Studies, 42(4), 312–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chambers, I. (2008). Mediterranean crossings: The politics of an interrupted modernity. Raleigh, NC: Duke UP.Google Scholar
  15. Coetzee, J. (1980). Waiting for the Barbarians. London: Secker and Warburg.Google Scholar
  16. Cooper, J. S. (1978). An illustrated encyclopaedia of traditional symbols. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
  17. Derrida, J. (1992). The other heading: Reflections on Today’s Europe (P. A Brault & M. Naas, Trans.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.Google Scholar
  18. Derrida. J. (1999). Adieu to Emmanuel Levinas (P. A. Brault and M. Naas, Trans.). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Euripides. (2011) Medea and Other Plays. In P. Burian and A. Shapiro (Eds.), The complete Euripides (Vol. 5). Oxford: Oxford UP.Google Scholar
  20. Faleschini Lerner, G. (2015). Forme di ospitalità urbana nel cinema delle donne: Marina Spada, Anna Bernasconi e Giulia Ciniselli. In L. Cardone & S. Filippelli (Eds.), Filmare il femminismo. Studi sulle donne nel cinema e nei media (pp. 141–150). Pisa: ETS.Google Scholar
  21. Falcinella, N. (2009). Mar Nero. Interview with Federico Bondi [online]. Available at http://www.balcanicaucaso.org/aree/Italia/Mar-Nero-44592. Accessed July 16, 2016.
  22. Fogu, C. (2010). From Mare Nostrum to Mare Aliorum: Mediterranean Theory and Mediterraneism in Contemporary Italian Thought. California Italian Studies [online], 1(1). Available at http://escholarship.org/uc/item/7vp210p4. Accessed July 5, 2016.
  23. Gundle, S. (2007). Bellissima: Feminine beauty and the idea of Italy. New Haven: Cambridge UP.Google Scholar
  24. Hallstein, D. L. (2010). White feminists and contemporary maternity: Purging matrophobia. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ma, S. (2013). Chinese Migrants Step Out of Factory Shadows in Italy. DW [online] May 27, 2013. Available at http://www.dw.com/en/chinese-migrants-step-out-of-factory-shadows-in-italy/a-16835199. Accessed June 15, 2016.
  26. Mannon, S., Petrzelka, P., Glass, C., & Radel, C. (2011). Keeping them in their place: Migrant women workers in Spain’s Strawberry Industry. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food, 19(1), 83–101.Google Scholar
  27. de Marneffe, D. (2004). Maternal desire: On children, love, and the inner life. New York: Little, Brown & Company.Google Scholar
  28. Marcus, M. (2015). Federico Bondi’s Mar Nero: Channelling the geographic unconscious. In E. Bond, G. Bonsaver, & F. Faloppa (Eds.), Destination Italy: Representing migration in contemporary media and narrative (pp. 365–375). Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  29. Minh-Ha, Trinh. (1989). Woman, Native, Other: Writing Postcoloniality and Feminism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.Google Scholar
  30. Näre, L. (2011). The moral economy of domestic and care labour: Migrant workers in Naples, Italy. Sociology, 45(3), 396–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. O’Healy, Á. (2009). “[Non] è una somala:” Deconstructing African Femininity in Italian film. The Italianist, 29, 175–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. O’Healy, Á. (2016). Bound to care: Gender, affect, and immigrant labour. In G. Lombardi & C. Uva (Eds.), Italian political cinema (pp. 57–67). Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  33. Past, E. (2013). Island hopping, liquid materiality, and the Mediterranean cinema of Emanuele Crialese. Ecozon@ [online], 4(2), pp. 49–66. Available at http://dspace.uah.es/dspace/bitstream/handle/10017/20307/history_Past_ecozona_2013_N2.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. Accessed September 12, 2016.
  34. Pastorino, G. (2010). Death by water? Constructing the “other” in Melliti’s Io, l’altro. In G. Russo Bullaro (Ed.), From Terrone to Extracomunitario: New manifestations of racism in contemporary Italian cinema (pp. 308–340). Leicester: Troubador Italian Studies.Google Scholar
  35. Pell, G. (2010). “Terroni di mezzo:” Dangerous physiognomies. In G. Bullaro (Ed.), From Terrone to Extra-Comunitario: New Manifestations of Racism in Contemporary Italian Cinema (pp. 178–218). Leicester: Troubador.Google Scholar
  36. Rich, A. (1976). Of woman born. Motherhood as experience and institution. Boston: Norton.Google Scholar
  37. Rich, A. (1986). Notes toward a politics of location. In Blood, bread, and poetry. Selected prose 1979-1985 (1st ed., pp. 211–231). New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  38. Rosenblum, M., & Ball, I. (2016). Trends in unaccompanied child and family migration from Central America. Fact sheet of the Migration Policy Institute [online]. Accessible at http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/trends-unaccompanied-child-and-family-migration-central-america. Accessed August 4, 2016.
  39. Saffioti, F. (2007). Geofilosofia del mare. Parma: Diabasis.Google Scholar
  40. Saffioti, F. (2010). Il ‘Sud’ come frontiera geosimbolica. California Italian Studies [online], 1(1). Available at http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8x70d7fx. Accessed July 5, 2016.
  41. Segre, A. (2011). Synopsis of Io sono Li [online]. Available at http://www.iosonoli.com/en/sinossi/. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  42. Stimpson, C. (2016). The Nomadic Humanities. LA Review of Books [online] 7/12/2016. Available at https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/the-nomadic-humanities/. Accessed July 26, 2016.

Filmography

  1. Bondi, F., dir. (2008). Mar Nero. Italy, Romania, France: Film Kairòs.Google Scholar
  2. Crialese, E., dir. (2011). Terraferma. Italy and France: Cattleya.Google Scholar
  3. De Seta, V., dir. (2006). Lettere dal Sahara. Italy: Metafilm and MiBAC.Google Scholar
  4. Lombardi, G., dir. (2011). Là bas. Educazione Criminale. Italy: Eskimo, FiglidelBronx, and Minerva Pictures.Google Scholar
  5. Melliti, M., dir. (2006). Io, l’altro. Italy: Trees Pictures and Sanmarco Films.Google Scholar
  6. Placido, M., dir. (1990). Pummarò (Tomato). Italy: Cineuropa 92, Numero Uno, and RAI.Google Scholar
  7. Segre, A., dir. (2011). Io sono Li (Shun Li and the Poet). Italy and France: Jole Films and Aeternam Films.Google Scholar
  8. Spada, M., dir. (2006). Come l’ombra (As the Shadow). Italy: Film Kairòs and Ombre Film.Google Scholar
  9. Tornatore, G., dir. (2006). La sconosciuta (The Unknown Woman). Italy: Medusa Films and Manigold Films.Google Scholar
  10. Torre, R., dir. (2000). Sud Side Stori (South Side Story). Italy: Gam Films, Istituto Luce, Rai Cinema.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Franklin & Marshall CollegeLancasterUSA

Personalised recommendations