Part of the Emergency Management in Neurology book series (EMN)


In 2002, the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) issued a joint definition of rhabdomyolysis in connection with the use of statins and their toxicity. Rhabdomyolysis appeared to be characterized by muscular symptoms with a substantial elevation of creatine kinase, typically greater than 11 times the normal limit, together with kidney disease and, usually, with brown urine and myoglobinuria [1]. Rhabdomyolysis is, more simply, a condition characterized by an injury or an insult to the skeletal muscle conditioning the release of the myocellular components [2], which leads to an increase in the blood levels of the intracellular components of the major muscles such as CK, aldolase, LDH, GOT, myoglobin, potassium, hyperuricaemia and hyperphosphatemia. As rhabdomyolysis is a potentially fatal condition, it requires rapid recognition and early treatment.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano NiguardaMilanItaly

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