Environmental Penal Control in Venezuela: Amazonia and the Orinoco Mining Arc

  • Manuel Joel Díaz Capdevilla


An assessment of the ability of civil society, the media, and other forms of vertical accountability to enforce environmental law is the focus of this chapter. Although Venezuela has one of the world’s strongest sets of legal protections, enforcement is undermined by the country’s political strife and economic crisis. The potential for local groups, independent organizations, and community efforts to make up for these problems is also examined.


Amazon Environment Indigenous peoples Mining Rainforests Venezuela 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Joel Díaz Capdevilla
    • 1
  1. 1.Primer Canal Ecológico de Venezuela, ECOVISIONCaracasVenezuela

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