Indicators for Smart Cities: Bibliometric and Systemic Search

  • Marciele Berger BernardesEmail author
  • Francisco Pacheco de Andrade
  • Paulo Novais
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 569)


With the advent of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), and the accelerated development of the urban centres, a debate arose on how to use ICTs in order to improve the development of cities in order to make them “intelligent”, what the doctrine has been calling smart cities - SC. Having this in consideration, this paper aims to search for the existence of studies analysing indicators for smart cities. The operationalisation of this work followed the structure of an original paper and focused in bibliometric and systemic analysis. This kind of work is useful as guideline for the development of projects, indicating new trends for future research and identifying the methods of research used in each area. From the research that was done it may be verified that studies referring indicators for smart cities are rather incipient, and for that reason it may be foreseen an opportunity for the development of new researches.


Indicators Smart cities Bibliometric search Systemic search 



Our thanks to the CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, for financing this research, and also to the CIIDH-Interdisciplinary Research Center in Human Rights, and to the Algoritimi Centre, both at University of Minho, for supporting this research. The work of Marciele Berger has been supported by CAPES under Grant nr. BEX - 1788/15-9.


  1. 1.
    Denhardt, J.V., Denhardt, R.B.: The New Public Service: Serving, Not Steering. M.E. Sharpe, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Denhardt, R.B.: Teorias da administração pública. Cengage Learning, São Paulo (2012). (in Portuguese)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Salm, J.F., Menegasso, M.E.: Os modelos de administração pública como estratégias complementares para a coprodução do bem público. Revista de ciências da Administração 11(25), 97–114 (2009). (in Portuguese), set/dezGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Calderón, C., Lorenzo, S.: Open Government: Gobierno Abierto. Algón Editores, Jaén (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carta Ibero-Americana de Governo Aberto (in Castillian). Accessed Sept 2016
  6. 6.
    Brandsen, T., Pestoff, V.: Co-production, the third sector and the delivery of public services. Public Manag. Rev. 8(4), 493–501 (2006). Accessed Sept 2016
  7. 7.
    Schommer, P.C., et al.: Accountability and co-production of information and control: social observatories and their relationship with government agencies. Revista de Administração Pública, Rio de Janeiro 49(6), 375–1400 (2015). Accessed Oct 2016
  8. 8.
    Van Bastelaer, B.: Digital cities and transferability of results. In: Proceedings of the 4th EDC Conference on Digital Cities, Salzburg, pp. 61–70, 29–30 October 1998Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Giffinger, R.: Smart Cities. Ranking of European medium sized cities. Centre of Regional Science: Viena UT (2007). Accessed Oct 2016
  10. 10.
    D’Ancona, M.A.: Metodologia Cuantitativa. Estrategias y Tecnicas de Investigación Social. Sintesis, Madrid (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Blazquez, P.G.: Medir em las ciências sociales. In: Fernando, M., Alvira, F., Ibanez, H. (eds.) El análisis de La realidad social. Métodos y técnicas de investigación, pp. 343–407. Alianza Editorial, Madrid (2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Arias, C.G.: Sistemas de indicadores de Smart Cities. In: XII Congreso Español de Ciencia Política y de la Administración (2015). Accessed Sept 2016
  13. 13.
    Vanti, N.A.P.: Da bibliometria à webometria: uma exploração conceitual dos mecanismos utilizados para medir o registro da informação e a difusão do conhecimento 31(2), 369–379 (2002). Accessed Sept 2016
  14. 14.
    Sampaio, R.F., Mancini, M.C.: Estudos de revisão sistemática: um guia para Síntese criteriosa da evidência científica. Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, São Carlos 11(1), 83–89 (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Santos, P.M., Selig, P.M.: Indicadores para o novo serviço público: uma análise bibliométrica e sistêmica. Perspectivas em ciencias da informação, Belo Horizonte 19(3), 82–97 (2014). Accessed Sept 2016
  16. 16.
    Lazaroiu, G.C., Roscia, M.C.: Definition methodology for the smart cities model. Energy 47, 326–332 (2012). ElsevierCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Monfaredzadeh, T., Berardi, U.: Beneath the smart city: dichotomy between sustainability and competitiveness. Int. J. Sustain. Build. Technol. Urban Dev. 6, 140–156 (2015). Taylor & FrancisCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marciele Berger Bernardes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Francisco Pacheco de Andrade
    • 1
  • Paulo Novais
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MinhoBragaPortugal

Personalised recommendations