Advertisement

Evaluation of E-Infrastructure Deployment in OECD and MENA Countries

Chapter
  • 490 Downloads

Abstract

This paper introduces new indices quantifying country’s level of e-infrastructure deployment. These indices comprise six components, which include several indicators, and are based on parametric or nonparametric methods. They improve existing indices. Based on index calculations, variations between countries, regions, and over time are analyzed. The data used covers MENA and OECD countries, 2000–2007. Analysis results identified areas, in which countries need improvements, and showed that some MENA countries outperformed some OECD countries. The rankings based on the indices differ only slightly. Additionally, the parametric method-based index produces equally distributed value ranges and shows an overall e-infrastructure improvement over time.

Keywords

ICT infrastructure Indices E-readiness Composite index Principal component analysis MENA OECD 

References

  1. 1.
    Al-Mutawkkil, A. A., Heshmati, A., & Hwang, J. (2009). Development of telecommunication and broadcasting infrastructure indices at the global level. Telecommunications Policy, 33(3–4), 176–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Agénor, P. R. (2003). Does globalization hurt the poor? World Bank, Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andersen, T. M., & Herbertsson, T.T. (2003). Measuring globalization. IZA Discussion Paper, 817, Bonn.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    APEC. (2000). E-commerce readiness guide, Electronic Commerce Steering Group, available at: www.ecommerce.gov/apec. Accessed 20 Sept 2010.
  5. 5.
    Archibugi, D., & Coco, A. (2004). A new indicator of technological capabilities for developed and developing countries (ArCO). World Development, 32(4), 629–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Archibugi, D., Denni, M., & Filippeti, A. (2009). The technological capabilities of nations: The state of art of synthetic indicators. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(7), 917–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    CID. (2006). Readiness for the networked world – a guide for developing countries. http://www.readinessguide.com.
  8. 8.
    Danish, D. (2006). E-readiness for developing countries: Moving the focus from the environment to the users. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 27(6), 1–14.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson, C., & Sagasti, F. (2002). Measuring the technology achievement of nations and the capacity to participate in the network age. Journal of Human Development, 3(1), 95–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dreher, A. (2005). Does globalization affect growth? empirical evidence from a new index, University of Konstanz Department of Economics, Unpublished Manuscript.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Economist Intelligence Unit. (2008). E-readiness rankings 2008: Maintaining momentum. A white paper.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Economist Intelligence Unit. (2009). The 2009 E-readiness.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heshmati, A. (2006). Measurement of a multidimensional index of globalization. Global Economy Journal, 6(2): Paper 1.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Heshmati, A., & Oh, J. (2006). Alternative composite Lisbon development strategy indices: A comparison of EU, USA, Japan and Korea. The European Journal of Comparative Economics, 3(2), 133–170.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heshmati, A., Tausch, A., & Bajalan, C. (2008). Measurement and analysis of child well-being in middle and high income countries. The European Journal of Comparative Economics, 5(2), 227–286.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hotelling, H. (1933). Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components. Journal of Educational Psychology, 24, 417–441. and 24: 498–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    ITU. (2010). Partnership on measuring ICT for development, core ICT indicators. International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved from http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/coreindicators/default.aspx.
  18. 18.
    ITU. (2003). World Telecommunication Development Report 2003: Access Indicators for the Information Society. 7th edition.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    ITU. (2009). Measuring the information society: the ICT development index. International Telecommunication Union.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    ITU. (2007). Measuring the information society: ICT opportunity index and world telecommunication/ICT indicator. International Telecommunication Union.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    ITU & United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2007). World Information Society Report 2007. Beyond World Summit on the Information Society.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kang, S. M. (2002). A sensitivity analysis of the Korean composite environmental index. Ecological Economics, 43, 159–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kearney A.T. Inc. & The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. (2002). Globalization’s last hurrah? Foreign Policy, 128, 38–51.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kearney A.T. Inc. & The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. (2003). Measuring globalization: who’s up, who’s down? Foreign Policy, January/February, 60–72.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lim, G.C., & Nguyen, V.H. (2013). Alternative weighting approaches to computing indexes of economic activity, Journal of Economic Surveys. 29(2), 287–300.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Noorbakhsh, F. (1998). The human development index: Some technical issues and alternative indices. Journal of International Development, 10, 589–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    OECD - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2008). In Handbook on construction composite indicator: Methodology and User Guide. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, OECD publication, ISBN: 9789264043466.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pearson, K. (1901). On lines and planes of closest fit to systems of points in space. Philosophical Magazine, 6(2), 559–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Purcell, F., & Toland, J. (2004). Electronic commerce for the South Pacific: A review of e-readiness. Electronic Commerce Research, 4(3), 241–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rudra, P. P., Arvin, M. B., & Norman, N. R. (2014). Economic growth and the development of telecommunication infrastructure in the G-20 countries: A panel-VAR approach. Telecommunication Policy, 38(7), 634–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (2005). Information and communication technology (ICT) development indices [Online]. Available at: http://unctad.org/en/docs/iteipc20031_en.pdf.
  32. 32.
    UNDP - United Nations Development Programme. (2001). Creating a development dynamic, Final report of the digital opportunity initiative, Human Development Report [Online]. Available at: http://www.undp.org/hdr2001/completenew.pdf.
  33. 33.
    WEF, infoDev & INSEAD. (2003). The Global Information Technology Report. Available at: http://www.infodev.org/articles/global-information-technology-report-2003-2004.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program, Department of Industrial Engineering, College of EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsSogang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program, College of EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations