Single-Photon Sources Based on Deterministic Quantum-Dot Microlenses

  • T. Heindel
  • S. Rodt
  • S. ReitzensteinEmail author
Part of the Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics book series (NON)


This chapter addresses the design, fabrication and characterization of deterministically fabricated single-photon sources based on quantum dot microlenses. The quantum devices are optimized for future applications in quantum communication systems which require high photon extraction efficiency, strong suppression of multi-photon emission and high indistinguishability of the emitted photons. Highest extraction efficiency is achieved by integrating single quantum dots in the center of monolithic microlenses by means of in-situ electron-beam lithography based on low-temperature cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. Quantum optical studies of deterministic microlenses reveal pure single-photon emission associated with \(g^{(2)}(0)<0.01\) and an indistinguishability exceeding 90% under pulsed p-shell excitation. Mechanisms limiting the indistinguishability are discussed in terms of spectral diffusion at a nanosecond time-scale and phonon-induced dephasing. The chapter closes with an outlook on electrically driven quantum dot microlenses, the application of anti-reflection coatings and future perspectives.


Distribute Bragg Reflector Quantum Repeater Electron Dose Spectral Diffusion Pure Dephasing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Many people contributed to this work including S. Burger, A. Carmele, L. Gantz, D. Gershoni, M. Gschrey, C. Heine, L. Heindel, C. Hopfmann, A. Knorr, C. Scharfenorth, A. Schlehahn, E. Schmidgall, F. Schmidt, R. Schmidt, P. Schnauber, J.-H. Schulze, M. Seifried, A. Strittmatter, A. Thoma, B. Wohlfeil, U. Woggon, J. Wolters. We are grateful for their enthusiasm and skills.

The research leading to these results has received funding from the German Research Foundation via CRC 787, from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework ERC Grant Agreement No. 615613, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the VIP-project QSOURCE (Grant No. 03V0630), and from the German-Israeli-Foundation for Scientific Research and Development, Grant-No.: 1148-77.14/2011.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Festkörperphysik, Technische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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