Advertisement

Ultrafast Manipulation of Excitons and Spins in Quantum Dots

  • Alistair J. Brash
  • Feng Liu
  • A. Mark Fox
Chapter
Part of the Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics book series (NON)

Abstract

This chapter reviews the coherent manipulation of excitons and spins in self-assembled InGaAs quantum dots by ultrafast laser pulses. We begin with a review of the basic theory of coherent control of two-level systems, followed by a discussion of the beneficial features of quantum dots. Experiments on ultrafast coherent control of excitons in neutral dots and spins in charged dots are then presented, before concluding with a comparison of the two different approaches in the context of applications in quantum information processing.

Keywords

Geometric Phase Quantum Information Processing Coherence Time Rabi Oscillation Bloch Sphere 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work reported in this chapter was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). We are grateful to E.A. Chekhovich and M.N. Makhonin for the data in Fig. 10.5c, and to J.H. Quilter for Fig. 10.10b. We would like to thank our colleagues and collaborators who have contributed to this work, especially: V.M. Axt, A.M. Barth, F. Bello, S.J. Boyle, P. Brereton, R.J. Coles, P.W. Fry, E.M. Gauger, M. Glässl, T.M. Godden, A.V. Gopal, A.P. Heberle, M. Hopkinson, A.F.A. Khatab, R.S. Kolodka, H.Y. Liu, B.W. Lovett, I.J. Luxmoore, L.M.P.P. Martins, A. Nazir, W.K. Ng, J.B.B. Oliveira, J. Puebla-Nunez, J.H. Quilter, A.J. Ramsay, J. Skiba-Szymanska, M.S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, D.M. Whittaker, and Y. Wu.

References

  1. 1.
    R.P. Feynman, F.L. Vernon, R.W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 28, 49 (1957)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F.T. Arecchi, R. Bonifacio, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1, 169 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light, 3rd edn. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2000)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.W. Shore, Manipulating Quantum Structures Using Laser Pulses (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.Y. Marzin, J.M. Gérard, A. Izraël, D. Barrier, G. Bastard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 716 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A.P. Heberle, J.J. Baumberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2598 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    O. Svelto, S.D. Silvestri, G. Denardo, Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy (Springer, Berlin, 1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Shah, Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Nanostructures, 2nd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.V. Kuhlmann, J.H. Prechtel, J. Houel, A. Ludwig, D. Reuter, A.D. Wieck, R.J. Warburton, Nat. Commun. 6, 8204 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Borri, W. Langbein, S. Schneider, U. Woggon, R.L. Sellin, D. Ouyang, D. Bimberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 157401 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Schirhagl, K. Chang, M. Loretz, C.L. Degen, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 65, 83 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. Favero, G. Cassabois, R. Ferreira, D. Darson, C. Voisin, J. Tignon, C. Delalande, G. Bastard, P. Roussignol, Phys. Rev. B 68, 233301 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.L. Portalupi, G. Hornecker, V. Giesz, T. Grange, A. Lemaître, J. Demory, I. Sagnes, N.D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, L. Lanco, A. Auffèves, P. Senellart, Nano Lett. 15, 6290 (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Lodahl, S. Mahmoodian, S. Stobbe, Rev. Mod. Phys. 87, 347 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P.G. Eliseev, H. Li, A. Stintz, G.T. Liu, T.C. Newell, K.J. Malloy, L.F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 262 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. Gammon, E. Snow, B. Shanabrook, D. Katzer, D. Park, Science 273, 87 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N.H. Bonadeo, J. Erland, D. Gammon, D. Park, D.S. Katzer, D.G. Steel, Science 282, 1473 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T.H. Stievater, X. Li, D.G. Steel, D. Gammon, D.S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, L.J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 133603 (2001)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    X. Li, Y. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T.H. Stievater, D.S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, L.J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D.P. DiVincenzo, in Mesoscopic Electron Transport, ed. by L. Sohn, L. Kowenhoven, L. Schön (Kluwer Ac. Publ., Dordrecht, 1997)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.Y. Lu, M. Atatüre, Nat. Phys. 5, 198 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    X. Xu, B. Sun, P.R. Berman, D.G. Steel, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, L.J. Sham, Science 317, 929 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    B.D. Gerardot, D. Brunner, P.A. Dalgarno, K. Karrai, A. Badolato, P.M. Petroff, R.J. Warburton, New J. Phys. 11, 013028 (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. Gammon, E.S. Snow, B.V. Shanabrook, D.S. Katzer, D. Park, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3005 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A.I. Tartakovskii, J. Cahill, M.N. Makhonin, D.M. Whittaker, J.P.R. Wells, A.M. Fox, D.J. Mowbray, M.S. Skolnick, K.M. Groom, M.J. Steer, M. Hopkinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 057401 (2004)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, D. Bimberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.M. Stevenson, R.J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D.A. Ritchie, A.J. Shields, Nature 439, 179 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. Akopian, N.H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B.D. Gerardot, P.M. Petroff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Kamada, H. Gotoh, J. Temmyo, T. Takagahara, H. Ando, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 246401 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H. Htoon, T. Takagahara, D. Kulik, O. Baklenov, A.L. Holmes, C.K. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 087401 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    P. Borri, W. Langbein, S. Schneider, U. Woggon, R.L. Sellin, D. Ouyang, D. Bimberg, Phys. Rev. B 66, 081306 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    E.B. Flagg, A. Muller, J.W. Robertson, S. Founta, D.G. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G.J. Salamo, C.K. Shih, Nat. Phys. 5, 203 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.J. Boyle, A.J. Ramsay, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, A.P. Heberle, M. Hopkinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 207401 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Stufler, P. Machnikowski, P. Ester, M. Bichler, V.M. Axt, T. Kuhn, A. Zrenner, Phys. Rev. B 73, 125304 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. Zrenner, E. Beham, S. Stufler, F. Findeis, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, Nature 418, 612 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    A.J. Ramsay, A.V. Gopal, E.M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B.W. Lovett, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 017402 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    A.J. Ramsay, T.M. Godden, S.J. Boyle, E.M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B.W. Lovett, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 177402 (2010)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    J.H. Quilter, A.J. Brash, F. Liu, M. Glässl, A.M. Barth, V.M. Axt, A.J. Ramsay, M.S. Skolnick, A.M. Fox, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 137401 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Vagov, M.D. Croitoru, V.M. Axt, T. Kuhn, F.M. Peeters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 227403 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Stufler, P. Ester, A. Zrenner, M. Bichler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 037402 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    R.S. Kolodka, A.J. Ramsay, J. Skiba-Szymanska, P.W. Fry, H.Y. Liu, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. B 75, 193306 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Y. Benny, S. Khatsevich, Y. Kodriano, E. Poem, R. Presman, D. Galushko, P.M. Petroff, D. Gershoni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 040504 (2011)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Y. Kodriano, I. Schwartz, E. Poem, Y. Benny, R. Presman, T.A. Truong, P.M. Petroff, D. Gershoni, Phys. Rev. B 85, 241304 (2012)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    K. Müller, T. Kaldewey, R. Ripszam, J.S. Wildmann, A. Bechtold, M. Bichler, G. Koblmüller, G. Abstreiter, J.J. Finley, Sci. Rep. 3, 1906 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Y. Kodriano, E.R. Schmidgall, Y. Benny, D. Gershoni, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 053001 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    A.J. Brash, L.M.P.P. Martins, F. Liu, J.H. Quilter, A.J. Ramsay, M.S. Skolnick, A.M. Fox, Phys. Rev. B 92, 121301(R) (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Y. Wu, I.M. Piper, M. Ediger, P. Brereton, E.R. Schmidgall, P.R. Eastham, M. Hugues, M. Hopkinson, R.T. Phillips, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067401 (2011)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    C.M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P.A. Dalgarno, R.J. Warburton, X. Marie, B. Urbaszek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    M. Glässl, A.M. Barth, V.M. Axt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 147401 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    P.L. Ardelt, L. Hanschke, K.A. Fischer, K. Müller, A. Kleinkauf, M. Koller, A. Bechtold, T. Simmet, J. Wierzbowski, H. Riedl, G. Abstreiter, J.J. Finley, Phys. Rev. B 90, 241404(R) (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    S. Bounouar, M. Müller, A.M. Barth, M. Glässl, V.M. Axt, P. Michler, Phys. Rev. B 91, 161302 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    S.J. Boyle, A.J. Ramsay, F. Bello, H.Y. Liu, M. Hopkinson, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075301 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    M. Kroutvar, Y. Ducommun, D. Heiss, M. Bichler, D. Schuh, G. Abstreiter, J.J. Finley, Nature 432, 81 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    A.J. Ramsay, S.J. Boyle, R.S. Kolodka, J.B.B. Oliveira, J. Skiba-Szymanska, H.Y. Liu, M. Hopkinson, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 197401 (2008)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    D. Heiss, V. Jovanov, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, J.J. Finley, Phys. Rev. B 77, 235442 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    R.J. Warburton, C. Schaflein, D. Haft, F. Bickel, A. Lorke, K. Karrai, J.M. Garcia, W. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, Nature 405, 926 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    M. Baier, F. Findeis, A. Zrenner, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195326 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    D.V. Regelman, E. Dekel, D. Gershoni, E. Ehrenfreund, A.J. Williamson, J. Shumway, A. Zunger, W.V. Schoenfeld, P.M. Petroff, Phys. Rev. B 64, 165301 (2001)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, A. Badolato, A. Högele, K. Karrai, A. Imamoglu, Science 312, 551 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    X. Xu, Y. Wu, B. Sun, Q. Huang, J. Cheng, D.G. Steel, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, C. Emary, L.J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 097401 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    D. Brunner, B.D. Gerardot, P.A. Dalgarno, G. Wüst, K. Karrai, N.G. Stoltz, P.M. Petroff, R.J. Warburton, Science 325, 70 (2009)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    S. Cortez, O. Krebs, S. Laurent, M. Senes, X. Marie, P. Voisin, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, J.M. Gérard, T. Amand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 207401 (2002)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    A.B. Henriques, A. Schwan, S. Varwig, A.D.B. Maia, A.A. Quivy, D.R. Yakovlev, M. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 86, 115333 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    X. Xu, B. Sun, P.R. Berman, D.G. Steel, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, L.J. Sham, Nat. Phys. 4, 692 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    D.P. DiVincenzo, Fortschritte der Physik 48, 771 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    J. Preskill, Proc. R. Soc. A 454, 385 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    K. Müller, A. Bechtold, C. Ruppert, C. Hautmann, J.S. Wildmann, T. Kaldewey, M. Bichler, H.J. Krenner, G. Abstreiter, M. Betz, J.J. Finley, Phys. Rev. B 85, 241306 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    M. Bayer, G. Ortner, O. Stern, A. Kuther, A.A. Gorbunov, A. Forchel, P. Hawrylak, S. Fafard, K. Hinzer, T.L. Reinecke, S.N. Walck, J.P. Reithmaier, F. Klopf, F. Schäfer, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195315 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    T.M. Godden, S.J. Boyle, A.J. Ramsay, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061113 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    T.M. Godden, J.H. Quilter, A.J. Ramsay, Y. Wu, P. Brereton, I.J. Luxmoore, J. Puebla, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. B 85, 155310 (2012)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    J.D. Mar, J.J. Baumberg, X. Xu, A.C. Irvine, D.A. Williams, Phys. Rev. B 90, 241303 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    J.D. Mar, J.J. Baumberg, X.L. Xu, A.C. Irvine, D.A. Williams, Phys. Rev. B 93, 045316 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    J.H. Quilter, R.J. Coles, A.J. Ramsay, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 181108 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    D. Press, T.D. Ladd, B. Zhang, Y. Yamamoto, Nature 456, 218 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    J. Berezovsky, M. Mikkelsen, N.G. Stoltz, L. Coldren, D. Awschalom, Science 320, 349 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    A. Greilich, S.E. Economou, S. Spatzek, D.R. Yakovlev, D. Reuter, A.D. Wieck, T.L. Reinecke, M. Bayer, Nat. Phys. 5, 262 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    E.D. Kim, K. Truex, X. Xu, B. Sun, D.G. Steel, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, L.J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 167401 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    D. Kim, S.G. Carter, A. Greilich, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, Nat. Phys. 7, 223 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    S.G. Carter, T.M. Sweeney, M. Kim, C.S. Kim, D. Solenov, S.E. Economou, T.L. Reinecke, L. Yang, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, Nat. Photon. 7, 329 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    A. Majumdar, P. Kaer, M. Bajcsy, E.D. Kim, K.G. Lagoudakis, A. Rundquist, J. Vučković, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 027402 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    A. Greilich, S.G. Carter, D. Kim, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, Nat. Photon. 5, 702 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    K. De Greve, P.L. McMahon, D. Press, T.D. Ladd, D. Bisping, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, L. Worschech, S. Hofling, A. Forchel, Y. Yamamoto, Nat. Phys. 7, 872 (2011)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    T.M. Godden, J.H. Quilter, A.J. Ramsay, Y. Wu, P. Brereton, S.J. Boyle, I.J. Luxmoore, J. Puebla-Nunez, A.M. Fox, M.S. Skolnick, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 017402 (2012)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    S.E. Economou, T.L. Reinecke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 217401 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    A. Delteil, W.b. Gao, P. Fallahi, J. Miguel-Sanchez, A. Imamoğlu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 116802 (2014)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    E.B. Flagg, G.S. Solomon, Phys. Rev. B 92, 245309 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    M. Bayer, A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 65, 041308 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    W. Langbein, P. Borri, U. Woggon, V. Stavarache, D. Reuter, A.D. Wieck, Phys. Rev. B 70, 033301 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    A. Greilich, D.R. Yakovlev, A. Shabaev, A.L. Efros, I.A. Yugova, R. Oulton, V. Stavarache, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. Bayer, Science 313, 341 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    D. Press, K. De Greve, P.L. McMahon, T.D. Ladd, B. Friess, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, A. Forchel, Y. Yamamoto, Nat. Photon. 4, 367 (2010)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    A. Bechtold, D. Rauch, F. Li, T. Simmet, P.L. Ardelt, A. Regler, K. Muller, N.A. Sinitsyn, J.J. Finley, Nat. Phys. 11, 1005 (2015)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    D. Heiss, S. Schaeck, H. Huebl, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, J.J. Finley, D.V. Bulaev, D. Loss, Phys. Rev. B 76, 241306 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    E.A. Chekhovich, M.M. Glazov, A.B. Krysa, M. Hopkinson, P. Senellart, A. Lemaitre, M.S. Skolnick, A.I. Tartakovskii, Nat. Phys. 9, 74 (2013)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    J. Houel, J.H. Prechtel, A.V. Kuhlmann, D. Brunner, C.E. Kuklewicz, B.D. Gerardot, N.G. Stoltz, P.M. Petroff, R.J. Warburton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 107401 (2014)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    J. Houel, A.V. Kuhlmann, L. Greuter, F. Xue, M. Poggio, B.D. Gerardot, P.A. Dalgarno, A. Badolato, P.M. Petroff, A. Ludwig, D. Reuter, A.D. Wieck, R.J. Warburton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 107401 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    A.V. Kuhlmann, J. Houel, A. Ludwig, L. Greuter, D. Reuter, A.D. Wieck, M. Poggio, R.J. Warburton, Nat. Phys. 9, 570 (2013)Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    E.L. Hahn, Phys. Rev. 80, 580 (1950)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    A.M. Waeber, M. Hopkinson, I. Farrer, D.A. Ritchie, J. Nilsson, R.M. Stevenson, A.J. Bennett, A.J. Shields, G. Burkard, A.I. Tartakovskii, M.S. Skolnick, E.A. Chekhovich, Nat. Phys. 12, 688 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    A.J. Ramsay, Phys. Rev. B 93, 075303 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    W.B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, A. Imamoglu, Nature 491, 426 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    K. De Greve, L. Yu, P.L. McMahon, J.S. Pelc, C.M. Natarajan, N.Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Hofling, R.H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M.M. Fejer, Y. Yamamoto, Nature 491, 421 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    J.R. Schaibley, A.P. Burgers, G.A. McCracken, L.M. Duan, P.R. Berman, D.G. Steel, A.S. Bracker, D. Gammon, L.J. Sham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 167401 (2013)Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    W. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, A. Delteil, Y. Chin, J. Miguel-Sanchez, A. Imamoğlu, Nat. Commun. 4, 539 (2013)Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    A. Delteil, Z. Sun, W.B. Gao, E. Togan, S. Faelt, A. Imamoğlu, Nat. Phys. 12, 218 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    X. Ding, Y. He, Z.C. Duan, N. Gregersen, M.C. Chen, S. Unsleber, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C.Y. Lu, J.W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 020401 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    N. Somaschi, V. Giesz, L. De Santis, J.C. Loredo, M.P. Almeida, G. Hornecker, L. Portalupi, T. Grange, C. Antón, J. Demory, C. Gómez, I. Sagnes, N.D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, A. Lemaítre, A. Auffeves, A.G. White, L. Lanco, P. Senellart, Nat. Photon. 10, 340 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    M. Müller, S. Bounouar, K.D. Jons, M. Glassl, P. Michler, Nat. Photon. 8, 224 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    N.H. Lindner, T. Rudolph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 113602 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    I. Schwartz, D. Cogan, E.R. Schmidgall, Y. Don, L. Gantz, O. Kenneth, N.H. Lindner, D. Gershoni, Science 354, 434 (2016)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    H. Kim, R. Bose, T.C. Shen, G.S. Solomon, E. Waks, Nat. Photon. 7, 373 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    S. Sun, H. Kim, G.S. Solomon, E. Waks, Nat. Nanotechnol. 11, 539 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    R. Bose, T. Cai, K.R. Choudhury, G.S. Solomon, E. Waks, Nat. Photon. 8, 858 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations