Advertisement

Ethical-Ecological Holism in Science Pedagogy: In Honor of Sea Urchins

  • Lee Beavington
  • Heesoon Bai
  • Serenna Celeste Romanycia
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Discourses in Science Education book series (EDSE, volume 2)

Abstract

In this chapter, we explore the unquestioned use and killing of animals in biological education, through a mixed-methods study involving narrative inquiry, poetic inquiry, and essay composition. Based on our results, we call for a shift to a more ethical-ecological holistic framework for science pedagogy. We argue that, for this shift to occur, we need to critically re-examine the foundational philosophical basis of, as well as accompanying psychological work that goes into, the de-animated and desacralized empiricist worldview. We also propose to re-animate, and to reclaim a sacred perception of, the world through aesthetic and contemplative practices alongside scientific investigations.

Keywords

Animal research Holistic education Biology pedagogy Goethean epistemology Delicate empiricism Contemplative science Poetic inquiry 

References

  1. Bai, H. (1997). Ethics and aesthetics are one: The case of Zen aesthetics. Canadian Review of Art Education, 24, 37–52.Google Scholar
  2. Bai, H. (2001). Challenge for education: Learning to value the world intrinsically. Encounter, 14, 4–16.Google Scholar
  3. Bai, H. (2004). The three I’s for ethics as an everyday activity: Integration, intrinsic valuing, and intersubjectivity. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 9, 51–64.Google Scholar
  4. Cameron, A., Davidson, E., & Jasny, B. R. (2006, November 10). The sea urchin. Science 314(5801). Retrieved on January 14, 2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20032769
  5. Hadzigeorgiou, Y., & Schulz, R. (2014). Romanticism and romantic science: Their contribution to science education. Science and Education, 23, 1963–2006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hedges, S. B. (2002). The origin and evolution of model organisms. Nature, 3, 838–849.Google Scholar
  7. Herzog, H. A. (2005). Dealing with the animal research controversy. In C. K. Akins, S. Panicker, & C. L. Cunningham (Eds.), Laboratory animals in research and teaching: Ethics, care, and methods (pp. 9–29). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hunter, P. (2008). The paradox of model organisms. Science and Society, 9, 717–720.Google Scholar
  9. Killian, C. E., Metzler, R. A., Gong, Y. U. T., Olson, I. C., Aizenberg, J., Politi, Y., Wilt, F. H., Scholl, A., Young, A., Doran, A., Kunz, M., Tamura, N., Coppersmith, S. N., & Gilbert, P. U. P. A. (2009). Mechanism of calcite co-orientation in the sea urchin tooth. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131, 18404–18409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Koga, H., Morino, Y., & Wada, H. (2014). The echinoderm larval skeleton as a possible model system for experimental evolutionary biology. Genesis, 52, 186–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kroh, A., & Mooi, R. (2011). World Echinoidea database. Available online at: http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea
  12. Mathews, F. (2008). Thinking from within the calyx of nature. Environmental Values, 17, 41–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McClay, D. R. (2011). Evolutionary crossroads in developmental biology: Sea urchins. Development, 138, 2639–2648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nussbaum, M. C. (2006). Frontiers of justice: Disability, nationality, species membership. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  15. Robbins, B. D. (2005). New organs of perception: Goethean science as a cultural therapeutics. In Janus Head, 8, 113–126. Amherst: Trivium Publications.Google Scholar
  16. Vacquier, V. D. (2011). Laboratory on sea urchin fertilization. Molecular Reproduction & Development, 78, 553–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Voultsiadou, E., & Chariton, C. (2008). Aristotle’s lantern in echinoderms: An ancient riddle. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 49, 299–302.Google Scholar
  18. Wahl, D. C. (2005). “Zarte Empirie”: Goethean science as a way of knowing. In Janus Head, 8, 58–76. Amherst: Trivium Publications.Google Scholar
  19. Zembylas, M. (2004). Emotion metaphors and emotional labor in science teaching. Science Education, 88, 301–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lee Beavington
    • 1
    • 2
  • Heesoon Bai
    • 1
  • Serenna Celeste Romanycia
    • 3
  1. 1.Simon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Kwantlen Polytechnic UniversitySurreyCanada
  3. 3.Unit 304VancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations