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Biogeography of the Ectomycorrhizal Mushroom Genus Laccaria

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Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Part of the book series: Ecological Studies ((ECOLSTUD,volume 230))

Abstract

The mushroom genus Laccaria is one of the very few ectomycorrhizal lineages whose diversity has been explored from the phylogenetic, population genetic, genomic, and ecological perspectives. The genus serves as a model for understanding the biology of ectomycorrhizal fungi. This chapter provides an in-depth overview of the systematic diversity, ecology, host associations, and phylogenetic relationships that helped shape the current distribution of Laccaria species. This chapter discusses the challenges in identifying and delimiting species of Laccaria, along with the potential influence of life-history strategy and ecological role on the speciation and dispersal of Laccaria. The biogeographic histories of several well-documented and important ectomycorrhizal hosts of Laccaria are reviewed. These histories provide a backdrop to examine potential migration and dispersal routes during the diversification of Laccaria. They reveal historical distribution patterns that explain how ectomycorrhizal symbioses likely shaped the biogeography of Laccaria. The phylogenetic history and global systematic diversity of Laccaria is reviewed in the final sections, which include discussions of the Southern Hemisphere origins of the genus, a hypothesis for dispersal to the Northern Hemisphere, and the challenges of correlating diversity and distribution patterns in the Northern Hemisphere. Altogether, Laccaria represents a genus that is rich with opportunities to explore the ecological and evolutionary forces shaping the biogeography of ectomycorrhizal fungi.

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Wilson, A.W., May, T.W., Mueller, G.M. (2017). Biogeography of the Ectomycorrhizal Mushroom Genus Laccaria . In: Tedersoo, L. (eds) Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Ecological Studies, vol 230. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56363-3_13

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