National and Regional Policies to Promote and Sustain Workplace Innovation
Many European countries have a long history of programmes to promote and sustain workplace innovation. This chapter offers an updated Europe-wide summary of main national- and regional-level policy approaches to workplace innovation during the last two decades. The overview shows that workplace innovation programmes in Europe utilize exclusively soft regulation in its various forms. These activities are still unevenly distributed by geographical area, highlighting the gap between the more active north and the more passive south, and the absence of programmes in most of the new EU member states. However, new promising developments are currently underway in many countries and regions with no history of such programmes. Special attention is paid to methods for meeting the challenges of diffusion , an issue of crucial importance not only for the sake of improving the social effectiveness and legitimacy of programmes, but also for encouraging new countries and regions to take further steps.
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