This introductory chapter outlines the questions that drive this study and provides the theoretical and critical framework that supports the analyses in the following chapters. The chapter begins by distinguishing between “the past” and “history,” explains its focus on history as the constructed narrative of what happened in the past, and describes the role of ideology in shaping history. Using Antonio Gramsci’s views of popular history and of popular media as sites where societies engage with ideology, the introduction shows how films and programs do so through constructing history. A review of developments in the heritage film debate and in adaptation theory by critics including Deborah Cartmell, Thomas Leitch, Claire Monk, and Laurence Ram outlines the critical and theoretical foundation for the chapters’ analyses.
KeywordsEighteenth century Adaptation theory Film Television Film adaptation
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