Chapter

Migrant Integration Between Homeland and Host Society Volume 1

Volume 7 of the series Global Migration Issues pp 201-224

Date:

Access to Citizenship and the Role of Origin Countries

  • Maarten Peter VinkAffiliated withDepartment of Political Science, Maastricht University Email author 
  • , Tijana Prokic-BreuerAffiliated withOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
  • , Jaap Dronkers 
 Deceased

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Abstract

For foreign-born residents and their children, attaining citizenship in the host country confers membership, rights and participation opportunities, and encourages a sense of belonging (Bloemraad 2006). From a destination country perspective, naturalisation is increasingly seen as an important part of the process of integrating immigrants. In order to optimise the use of what is sometimes termed the ‘citizenship premium’, actors in destination countries often advocate public policies that are aimed at increasing naturalisation rates among immigrants (OECD 2011; Sumption and Flamm 2012). The acquisition of citizenship is associated with better employment probability, higher earnings and higher occupational positions (Liebig and Von Haaren 2011). Politically, in a democratic context, citizenship normally qualifies immigrants to take an active part in the electoral politics of the destination country (Pikkov 2011; De Rooij 2012).