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Country of Origin Effects and Impacts on Educational Attainment of Pupils with Migrant Backgrounds. Towards a New Research Agenda

  • Dirk Jacobs
  • Anne UnterreinerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Global Migration Issues book series (IOMS, volume 7)

Abstract

It is well documented that in most European countries migrants have lower educational attainment levels than natives. Access to education for pupils of migrant backgrounds is almost universally guaranteed in the EU, but this does not automatically equate to access to education that is adapted to their specific needs linked to socio-economic disadvantages and linguistic challenges. Furthermore, social and ethnic school segregation constitutes a serious barrier towards access to education. The scientific literature has only given limited space to the potential role played by the countries of origin regarding access to education and the school performance of migrants and their descendants. The country of origin effect and its impact on education are extremely complex to identify using a systematic methodology, due to the complex intertwinement of a multiplicity of factors: micro-level individual characteristics, community structure and macro-level determinants at both destination and origin. In this chapter, we review the existing literature to trace the potential effects and impacts of the country of origin on migrant education. Although not acknowledged as such, a country of origin effect seems to exist, for instance in terms of enrolment in schools and universities overseas (due to the “internationalisation of higher education”) and the various types of “capital” available to migrant families. In parallel, the country of origin impacts the education of its emigrants through diaspora policies on language and culture and by issuing diplomas that are recognised at destination.

Keywords

School Performance Destination Country Migrant Background Migrant Child Origin Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.European University InstituteFlorenceItaly

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