Conclusions: Presidential Elections and the New Structure of Power in Mexico

  • Reynaldo Yunuen Ortega OrtizEmail author


At different moments of its history, citizens of Mexico have shown their capacity to organize and demand better policies. Democratization in Mexico is a case in point. Between 1988 and 2012, Mexico’s party politics evolved from a hegemonic to a moderate pluralist party system . The new structure was the consequence of multiple factors. Some of the most important ones were institutional transformations that included several electoral reforms . Nevertheless, this new structure of political opportunities cannot be explained without considering the constant mobilization of the opposition parties, particularly the PRD and the PAN , during previous decades. Just as important was the mobilization of trade unions , social movements , universities, and mass media in developing Mexico’s democratic landscape of moderate protected consultation . The book concludes by reflecting on this political process while also outlining the challenges for Mexican democracy, challenges that derive from issues of violence , party finances, inequality, and economic growth .


Structure of power Inequality Protected consultation Mexican party system 


  1. Bachrach, Peter, and Morton S. Baratz. 1962. The Two Faces of Power. American Political Science Review 56 (4): 947–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Enciso, Froylán. 2015. Nuestra historia narcótica. Pasajes para (re)legalizar las drogas en México. Mexico City: Debate.Google Scholar
  3. Lukes, Steven. 2007. El poder un enfoque radical. Madrid: Siglo XXI.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for International StudiesCollege of MexicoMexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations