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Maintaining Elections: 1970, 1976 and 1982

  • Reynaldo Yunuen Ortega OrtizEmail author
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Abstract

The term “maintaining elections” refers to a fresh electoral victory of the ruling party that is accompanied by a continuity in electoral cleavages as well as the party’s support base. Bearing in mind these considerations, this chapter finds the presidential victories of 1970, 1976, and 1982 as such maintaining elections. At the same time, in each of these three elections, although the PRI won the presidency, the political landscape changed radically. There was mass mobilization , including especially the student movement of 1968, as well as rural guerrilla endeavors across the country, processes discussed here through an extensive review of the relevant literature. With leftist parties outlawed (until the liberalization of the regime), electoral contestation came from the PAN , a middle-class party that won some local elections. Documenting the slow-paced rise of the opposition through descriptive data of electoral results , the chapter shows how forces of both mobilization and contestation shared the agenda of political liberalization , a call that was magnified by electoral fraud , economic crisis, and systematic state repression . It followed that liberalization came gradually through electoral reforms , making the PRI  face more and more competition , first in the 1982 elections and then in the elections in 1988.

Keywords

Maintaining elections Mexico’s guerrilla Liberalization Authoritarianism 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for International StudiesCollege of MexicoMexico CityMexico

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