Factors Affecting Choice of Travel Mode in Tallinn
This chapter assesses the key factors related to travel mode choice by the citizens of Tallinn, specifically comparing the growing use of cars and diminishing use of public transport, based on household travel survey data collected in 2015. Although the number of trips made and daily time spent on travelling in Estonia is still lower than in highly developed countries, these figures are rapidly increasing. Besides income, another important factor promoting car use is the car compensation offered by employers and enabled by the Estonian tax system. While looking at why people choose cars or public transport, the authors underline the need for a public transport or cycling network to satisfy citizens’ needs. The role of urban planning is crucial to developing the quality and accessibility of public transport.
KeywordsPublic transport Car use Tallinn
The authors would like to thank the Tallinn City Government, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and Kredex for making available Tallinn travel survey data for 2012–2015. The authors are also grateful to Patrik Dinnétz for his useful comments while acting as a discussant for the draft version of this study.
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