Interventional Peripheral Angiography
While magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) play an increasing role in the diagnostic imaging of peripheral vessels, catheter angiography remains unchallenged for peri-interventional imaging and when noninvasive techniques are not possible or do not provide information of sufficient quality or reliability. The equipment that is available, as well as the materials and contrast media that are used, have undergone a tremendous evolution during recent decades, enabling us to obtain images of higher quality with less contrast, less radiation exposure, and fewer complications. The complication rate can be significantly reduced by using an appropriate, cautious, and meticulous technique, as described in this chapter, and by paying attention to the indication for the examination and the questions that need to be answered by the examination.
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