Diet and Trophic Ecology of Adult Antarctic Silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica)

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polar Ecology book series (AVPE, volume 3)

Abstract

Antarctic silverfish, Pleuragramma antarctica Boulenger 1902 are the most abundant pelagic fish over the high-Antarctic shelf and one of the main ecosystem links in Southern Ocean shelf ecosystems, where they are a key prey item for fish marine mammals and birds. Consequently, information on the feeding ecology of silverfish forms an important component of research to understand the structure of Antarctic shelf ecosystems.

This chapter reviews what is known about the feeding of adult silverfish, what prey items make up the diet of adult silverfish and how the diet varies by fish size, geographic location and season. By “adult silverfish” we mean silverfish that are of a size where they are likely to have reached sexual maturity (greater than about 120 mm standard length).

Keywords

Southern Ocean Nototheniidae Stable isotope Trophic niche Trophic level Fatty acid Stomach contents 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this work was provided through the New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment project C01X1226 (“Ross Sea Ecosystem and Climate”). Hannah Russell and Janet Bradford-Grieve (both NIWA) are thanked for assistance in preparing this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA)WellingtonNew Zealand

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